Radix
Number of digits of a numeral system / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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In a positional numeral system, the radix (pl.: radices) or base is the number of unique digits, including the digit zero, used to represent numbers. For example, for the decimal system (the most common system in use today) the radix is ten, because it uses the ten digits from 0 through 9.
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In any standard positional numeral system, a number is conventionally written as (x)_{y} with x as the string of digits and y as its base, although for base ten the subscript is usually assumed (and omitted, together with the pair of parentheses), as it is the most common way to express value. For example, (100)_{10} is equivalent to 100 (the decimal system is implied in the latter) and represents the number one hundred, while (100)_{2} (in the binary system with base 2) represents the number four.[1]
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