Lieutenant-General Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB, KStJ, DL (/ˈbdən ˈpəl/ BAY-dən POH-əl;[4] (Commonly pronounced by others as /ˈpəl/ POW-əl) 22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941) was a British Army officer, writer, founder and first Chief Scout of the world-wide Scout Movement, and founder, with his sister Agnes, of the world-wide Girl Guide / Girl Scout Movement. Baden-Powell authored the first editions of the seminal work Scouting for Boys, which was an inspiration for the Scout Movement.[5]

Quick facts: The Right Honourable The Lord Baden-Powell, N...

The Lord Baden-Powell
Baden-Powell in 1896
Nickname(s)B-P, Robin (by his wife)[1]
Born(1857-02-22)22 February 1857
Paddington, London, England
Died8 January 1941(1941-01-08) (aged 83)
Nyeri, British Kenya
Buried
St Peter's Cemetery, Nyeri, Kenya
0.418968°S 36.950117°E / -0.418968; 36.950117
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1876–1910
RankLieutenant-General
Commands held
  • Inspector General of Cavalry (1903)
  • 5th Dragoon Guards (1897)
Battles/wars
Awards
Spouse(s)Olave St Clair Soames
Children
Other workFounder of the international Scouting Movement; writer; artist
Signature
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Educated at Charterhouse School, Baden-Powell served in the British Army from 1876 until 1910 in India and Africa.[6] In 1899, during the Second Boer War in South Africa, Baden-Powell successfully defended the town in the Siege of Mafeking.[7] Several of his books, written for military reconnaissance and scout training in his African years, were also read by boys. In August 1907, he held a demonstration camp, the Brownsea Island Scout camp, which is now seen as the beginning of Scouting.[8] Based on his earlier books, particularly Aids to Scouting, he wrote Scouting for Boys,[9] published in 1908 by Sir Arthur Pearson, for boy readership. In 1910 Baden-Powell retired from the army and formed The Scout Association.

The first Scout Rally was held at The Crystal Palace in 1909. Girls in Scout uniform attended, telling Baden-Powell that they were the "Girl Scouts". In 1910, Baden-Powell and his sister Agnes Baden-Powell started the Girl Guide and Girl Scout organisation. In 1912 he married Olave St Clair Soames. He gave guidance to the Scout and Girl Guide movements until retiring in 1937. Baden-Powell lived his last years in Nyeri, Kenya, where he died and was buried in 1941. His grave is a national monument.[10]

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