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Ruby (programming language)

General-purpose programming language / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Ruby is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language which supports multiple programming paradigms. It was designed with an emphasis on programming productivity and simplicity. In Ruby, everything is an object, including primitive data types. It was developed in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro "Matz" Matsumoto in Japan.

Quick facts: Paradigm, Designed by, Developer, First&...
ParadigmMulti-paradigm: functional, imperative, object-oriented, reflective
Designed byYukihiro Matsumoto
DeveloperYukihiro Matsumoto, et al.
First appeared1995; 28 years ago (1995)
Stable release
3.2.2 Edit this on Wikidata[1] / 30 March 2023; 2 months ago (30 March 2023)
Typing disciplineDuck, dynamic, strong
ScopeLexical, sometimes dynamic
Implementation languageC
LicenseRuby License
Filename extensions.rb
Major implementations
Ruby MRI, TruffleRuby, YARV, Rubinius, MagLev, JRuby, MacRuby, RubyMotion, Mruby, IronRuby
Influenced by
Ada,[2] Basic,[3] C++,[2] CLU,[4] Dylan,[4] Eiffel,[2] Lisp,[4] Lua, Perl,[4] Python,[4] Smalltalk[4]
Clojure, CoffeeScript, Crystal, D, Elixir, Groovy, Julia,[5] Mirah, Nu,[6] Ring,[7] Rust,[8] Swift[9]

Ruby is dynamically typed and uses garbage collection and just-in-time compilation. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming. According to the creator, Ruby was influenced by Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, BASIC, Java and Lisp.[10][3]