Rudolf Carnap

German-American philosopher (1891–1970) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Rudolf Carnap (/ˈkɑːrnæp/;[20] German: [ˈkaʁnaːp]; 18 May 1891 – 14 September 1970) was a German-language philosopher who was active in Europe before 1935 and in the United States thereafter. He was a major member of the Vienna Circle and an advocate of logical positivism. He is considered "one of the giants among twentieth-century philosophers."[21]

Quick facts: Rudolf Carnap, Born, Died, Education, Era...
Rudolf Carnap
Rudolf Carnap, 1935, by Francis Schmidt
Born(1891-05-18)18 May 1891
Died14 September 1970(1970-09-14) (aged 79)
EducationUniversity of Jena (B.A., 1914; PhD, 1921)
University of Freiburg (audit student, 1911–12)[1]
University of Berlin (graduate research, 1917–18)[2]
University of Vienna (Dr. phil. hab., 1926)
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
Vienna Circle
Logical positivism
Logical atomism[4]
Logical behaviorism[5]
Formalism in the philosophy of mathematics
InstitutionsUniversity of Vienna
University of Chicago
Institute for Advanced Study
  • Der Raum: Ein Beitrag zur Wissenschaftslehre (Space: A Contribution to the Theory of Science) (1921)
  • Der logische Aufbau der Welt (The Logical Structure of the World) (1926)
Doctoral advisorBruno Bauch (Ph.D. advisor)[2]
Moritz Schlick (Dr. phil. hab.)[2]
Other academic advisorsGottlob Frege
Heinrich Rickert[1]
Doctoral studentsAbner Shimony
David Kaplan
Other notable studentsCarl Gustav Hempel
Peter G. Ossorio
Herbert A. Simon
Raymond Smullyan
Yehoshua Bar-Hillel
Main interests
Logic · Epistemology
Philosophy of science
Notable ideas