Rurik dynasty

Noble lineage, rulers of Kievan Rus' / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Rurik dynasty (Belarusian: Ру́рыкавічы, romanized: Rúrykavichy; Russian: Рю́риковичи, romanized: Ryúrikovichi, IPA: [ˈrjʉrʲɪkəvʲɪt͡ɕɪ]; Ukrainian: Рю́риковичі, romanized: Riúrykovychi, IPA: [ˈrʲurɪkowɪtʃi]; literally "sons/scions of Rurik"), also known as the Rurikid dynasty or Rurikids (or Riurikid dynasty or Riurikids[1]), was a noble lineage allegedly founded by the Varangian prince Rurik, who according to tradition established himself in Novgorod around the year AD 862.[2] The Rurikids were the ruling dynasty of Kievan Rus' (after the conquest of Kiev by Oleg of Novgorod in 882) before it finally disintegrated in the mid-13th century, as well as the successor Rus' principalities and Rus' prince republics of Novgorod, Pskov, Vladimir-Suzdal, Ryazan, Smolensk, Galicia-Volhynia (after 1199), Chernigov, and the Grand Duchy of Moscow (from 1263).

Quick facts: Rurik dynasty Rurikids, Country, Founded, Fou...
Rurik dynasty
Royal dynasty
Personal seal of Yaroslav the Wise
Founded862 (862) (in Novgorod)
Final rulerVasili IV of Russia

Princely titles

Deposition1610 (1610) (in Moscow, Tsardom of Russia)
Cadet branches

Following the disintegration of Kievan Rus', the most powerful state to eventually arise was the Grand Duchy of Moscow, initially a part of Vladimir-Suzdal, which, along with the Novgorod Republic, established the basis of the modern Russian nation.[3] Ivan III threw off the control of the Golden Horde and consolidated the whole of central and northern Rus', ruling it as "Prince of All Rus'".[4][5] Ivan IV assumed the title "Tsar of All Rus'" and transformed the state into the Tsardom of Russia. The Rurik line ruled until 1598, following which they were succeeded by the House of Romanov, after the Time of Troubles.[6]

The Romanovichi branch of the dynasty ruled southwestern Rus' and part of central Rus'. These territories were unified by Roman the Great and his son Daniel Romanovich, who was in 1253 crowned by Pope Innocent IV[7] as king of Galicia–Volhynia. After the line's extinction, the principality was annexed by Poland and Lithuania, and the title of its prince eventually passed to the ruler of Austro-Hungary. According to Ukrainian historiography continuous Rurikid sovereignty from the ninth century to the fourteenth represents part of Ukraine's historical process.[8] In Ukrainian historiography of the 19th century, Ukrainian historiographer Mykhailo Hrushevsky, who wrote a book under a similar name, referred to Rus' civilization as Ukraine-Rus'.[9] According to his studies Rus' is not considered to have ended in 1240, but merely to have shifted its centre slightly westward.[10][8]

As a ruling dynasty, the Rurik dynasty held its own in some parts of Rus' for a total of twenty-one generations in male-line succession, from Rurik (died 879) to Feodor I of Russia (died 1598), a period of more than 700 years. They are one of Europe's oldest royal houses, with numerous existing cadet branches.