From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Parish of Rushen, Isle of Man
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It is located in the south of the island (part of the traditional South Side division) in the sheading of the same name.
Administratively, part of the historic parish of Rushen, and the majority of the population, is now covered by the village districts of Port Erin and Port St Mary. As a result, there is an exclave of the parish district which includes the Calf of Man.
Other settlements in the parish include Cregneash.
Rushen parish is split between two House of Keys constituencies: Rushen, covering the majority of the parish including Port Erin and Port St Mary, and the Arbory, Castletown & Malew constituency, which covers the eastern part of the historic parish. Each constituency elects two Members to the House of Keys. Before 2016 the whole parish was in the Rushen constituency.
Rushen parish includes the south-western extremity of the island, together with the Calf of Man along with its rocky outcrops Kitterland and Chicken Rock, and contains an area of about 10 square miles (26 km2). It stretches round the coast from Strandhall (on the coast about halfway between Castletown and Port St Mary) to the precipices west of Cronk ny Irrey Laa (Hill of the Day Watch, also spelled Arrey), known as the Stacks, or the Slogh, a distance of 16 miles (26 km). The principal headlands are Kallow Point, Black Head, Spanish Head (350 feet (110 m)), and Bradda Head (766 feet (233 m)); and the chief inlets are Port St Mary Bay, Perwick Bay, Bay Stacka, Port Erin Bay, and Fleshwick Bay.
The west of the parish is hilly, stretching southwards from Cronk ny Irrey Laa (437 metres (1,434 ft), the highest point in the parish) along the western coast to Lhiattee ny Beinnee, Bradda Hill, Mull Hill, and the Sound, across which the ridge is continued on the Calf.
Port St Mary and Port Erin are the only significant settlements in the area, although they have now expanded to form a single continuous settlement. Cregneash is a small village and folk museum near Mull Hill.
The Isle of Man census of 2016 returned a parish population of 1,537, a decrease of 6% from the figure of 1,629 in 2011. At the time of the 2011 census, 2.64% of the parish could speak Manx Gaelic.
Rushen was taken over as a detention camp for more than 3,500 women and children during World War Two. Deemed "enemy aliens" many of the internees were refugees who had already fled persecution in Europe. It was the only civilian camp on the Island and many of the detained were billeted with local families as well as in requisitioned boarding houses. Rushen Camp opened on 30 May 1940 and closed in September 1945.
- "2016 Isle of Man Census Report" (PDF). Gov.im. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
- "Rushen Parish Commissioners". Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Port Erin Commissioners". Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Port St Mary Commissioners". Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Captains of the Parishes". Culture Vannin. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Rushen Parish". isleofman.com. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- "Europe's only all-female WW2 internment camp remembered". BBC News. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
- "WW2's only all-female detention camp". BBC News. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
- "» Rushen Camp: Second World War Internment on the Isle of Man iMuseum". Retrieved 26 January 2021.
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