Rutland

County and unitary area in England / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Rutland (/ˈrʌtlənd/), archaically Rutlandshire,[2] is a ceremonial county in the East Midlands of England. It borders Leicestershire to the north and west, Lincolnshire to the north-east, and Northamptonshire to the south-west. Oakham is the largest town.

Quick facts: Rutland, Sovereign state, Constituent country...
Rutland
Oakham_Market_Place_%28geograph_7627324%29.jpg
Normanton_Church_-_geograph.org.uk_-_2911781.jpg
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Oakham Buttercross; Rutland Water and Normanton Church; Uppingham High Street East.
Motto: 
"Multum in Parvo (Much in little)"
Rutland within England
Rutland within England
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionEast Midlands
Ceremonial countyRutlandshire (1204-1974)
Ceremonial countyLeicestershire (1974-1997)
Ceremonial countyRutland (1997-present)
Settled1155
Ceremonial county1204
Made a district of Leicestershire and loss of its county status1974
Separated from Leicestershire and become a county/unitary areaApril 1997
Founded byEdward the Confessor
Named forEdith of Wessex
Administrative HQOakham
Government
  TypeUnitary authority and county
  Lord-Lieutenant of RutlandSarah Furness
  High Sheriff of RutlandDavid Wood[1] (2021–22)
Area
  Total15,977 sq mi (41,381 km2)
  Rank41,381
Population
 (2021)
  Total41,381
  Rank41,381
  Density2.6/sq mi (1.0/km2)
   Rank277th
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Postcodes
LE14-15
Area code01572
ONS codeE06000017 (GSS)
Websiterutland.gov.uk
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Rutland has an area of 382 km2 (147 sq mi) and a population of 41,049, the second-smallest ceremonial county population after the City of London. The county is rural, and the only towns are Oakham (12,149) and Uppingham (4,745), both in the west of the county; the largest settlement in the east is the village of Ketton (1,926). For local government purposes Rutland is a unitary authority area. The county was historically the smallest in England, a fact reflected in the motto of the county council: Multum in Parvo, or "much in little".[3]

The geography of Rutland is characterised by low, rolling hills, the highest of which is a 197 m (646 ft) point in Cold Overton Park. In the 1970s a large artificial reservoir, Rutland Water, was created in the centre of the county. It is now a nature reserve, serving as an overwintering site for wildfowl and a breeding site for ospreys. The older buildings in the county are built from local limestone or ironstone, and many have roofs of Collyweston stone slate or thatch.

There is little evidence of Prehistoric settlement in the county, though Roman habitation is suggested by the discovery of a large Roman mosaic and probable farming complex just west of Ketton.[4] It was certainly settled by the Angles from the fifth century and later formed part of Mercia. It is not mentioned as a distinct county until 1179, and during the Domesday Survey was treated as part of Nottinghamshire and Northamptonshire. During the High Middle Ages much of the county was forested and used as hunting grounds, a tradition which continues to the present with packs such as the Cottesmore Hunt. The county's main industry is agriculture, with wool being particularly important in the sixteenth century, and there is a limestone quarry near Ketton. Rutland bitter is a distinctive ale associated with the village of Langham.[5][6][7][8]

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