Scottish National Party

Scottish political party / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Scottish National Party (SNP; Scots: Scots National Pairty, Scottish Gaelic: Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba [ˈpʰaːrˠʃtʲi ˈn̪ˠaːʃən̪ˠt̪ə ˈhal̪ˠapə]) is a Scottish nationalist and social democratic political party. The party holds 63 of the 129 seats in the Scottish Parliament and 43 out of the 59 Scottish seats in the House of Commons in Westminster. It has 453 local councillors of 1,227.

Quick facts: Scottish National Party Scots National Pairty...
Scottish National Party
Scots National Pairty
Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba
LeaderHumza Yousaf
Depute LeaderKeith Brown
Westminster LeaderStephen Flynn
Chief ExecutiveMurray Foote
Founded7 April 1934
Merger of
HeadquartersGordon Lamb House
3 Jackson's Entry
Student wingSNP Students
Youth wingYoung Scots for Independence
LGBT wingOut for Independence
Membership (June 2023)Decrease 73,936[2]
Political positionCentre-left[19][20]
European affiliationEuropean Free Alliance
Colours  Yellow
Anthem"Scots Wha Hae"[21][22]
House of Commons (Scottish seats)
43 / 59
House of Commons (All seats)
43 / 650
Scottish Parliament[23]
63 / 129
Local government in Scotland[24]
427 / 1,227

The SNP supports and campaigns for Scottish independence from the United Kingdom and for Scotland's membership in the European Union,[13][25][26] with a platform based on civic nationalism.[11][12]

Founded in 1934 with the amalgamation of the National Party of Scotland and the Scottish Party, the party has had continuous parliamentary representation in Westminster since Winnie Ewing won the 1967 Hamilton by-election.[27] With the establishment of the devolved Scottish Parliament in 1999, the SNP became the second-largest party, serving two terms as the opposition. The SNP gained power under Alex Salmond at the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, forming a minority government, before going on to win the 2011 Parliament election, after which it formed Holyrood's first majority government.[28] After Scotland voted against independence in the 2014 referendum, Salmond resigned and was succeeded by Sturgeon. The SNP was reduced back to being a minority government at the 2016 election. In the 2021 election, the SNP gained one seat and entered a power-sharing agreement with the Scottish Greens.

The SNP is the largest political party in Scotland in terms of both seats in the Westminster and Holyrood parliaments, and membership. As of 24 April 2023, the party had 74,889 members.[29] It currently has 43 members of Parliament (MPs), 64 members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) and over 450 local councillors.[30] The SNP is a member of the European Free Alliance (EFA). The party does not have any members of the House of Lords on the principle that it opposes the upper house of Parliament and calls for it to be scrapped.[31]

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