Scottish clan chief

Representative of the founder of a Scottish clan / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Scottish Gaelic word clann means children.[1] In early times, and possibly even today, Scottish clan members believed themselves to descend from a common ancestor, the founder of the clan, after whom the clan is named. The clan chief (ceannard cinnidh) is the representative of this founder, and represents the clan. In the Scottish clan system, a chief is greater than a chieftain (ceann-cinnidh), a designation applied to heads of branches of a clan.[2] Scottish clans that no longer have a clan chief are referred to as armigerous clans.

A depiction of the Clan Forbes clan chief illustrated by R. R. McIan, from James Logan's The Clans of the Scottish Highlands, 1845