Ongoing series of evaluations of computational semantic analysis systems / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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SemEval (Semantic Evaluation) is an ongoing series of evaluations of computational semantic analysis systems; it evolved from the Senseval word sense evaluation series. The evaluations are intended to explore the nature of meaning in language. While meaning is intuitive to humans, transferring those intuitions to computational analysis has proved elusive.

Quick facts: Academics, Disciplines , Umbrella Organizati...
Disciplines:Natural language processing
Computational linguistics
ACL-SIGLEX hhdgdhc
Workshop Overview
Founded:1998 (Senseval)
NAACL @ Denver, USA
Senseval-11998 @ Sussex
Senseval-22001 @ Toulouse
Senseval-32004 @ Barcelona
SemEval-20072007 @ Prague
SemEval-20102010 @ Uppsala
SemEval-20122012 @ Montreal
SemEval-20132013 @ Atlanta
SemEval-20142014 @ Dublin
SemEval-20152015 @ Denver
SemEval-20162016 @ San Diego

This series of evaluations is providing a mechanism to characterize in more precise terms exactly what is necessary to compute in meaning. As such, the evaluations provide an emergent mechanism to identify the problems and solutions for computations with meaning. These exercises have evolved to articulate more of the dimensions that are involved in our use of language. They began with apparently simple attempts to identify word senses computationally. They have evolved to investigate the interrelationships among the elements in a sentence (e.g., semantic role labeling), relations between sentences (e.g., coreference), and the nature of what we are saying (semantic relations and sentiment analysis).

The purpose of the SemEval and Senseval exercises is to evaluate semantic analysis systems. "Semantic Analysis" refers to a formal analysis of meaning, and "computational" refer to approaches that in principle support effective implementation.[1]

The first three evaluations, Senseval-1 through Senseval-3, were focused on word sense disambiguation (WSD), each time growing in the number of languages offered in the tasks and in the number of participating teams. Beginning with the fourth workshop, SemEval-2007 (SemEval-1), the nature of the tasks evolved to include semantic analysis tasks outside of word sense disambiguation.[2]

Triggered by the conception of the *SEM conference, the SemEval community had decided to hold the evaluation workshops yearly in association with the *SEM conference. It was also the decision that not every evaluation task will be run every year, e.g. none of the WSD tasks were included in the SemEval-2012 workshop.