# Skew-symmetric graph

## Directed graph isomorphic to its own transpose graph / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In graph theory, a branch of mathematics, a **skew-symmetric graph** is a directed graph that is isomorphic to its own transpose graph, the graph formed by reversing all of its edges, under an isomorphism that is an involution without any fixed points. Skew-symmetric graphs are identical to the double covering graphs of bidirected graphs.

**Quick Facts**Graph families defined by their automorphisms, → ...

Graph families defined by their automorphisms | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|

distance-transitive | → | distance-regular | ← | strongly regular |

↓ | ||||

symmetric (arc-transitive) | ← | t-transitive, t ≥ 2 |
skew-symmetric | |

↓ | ||||

_{(if connected)}vertex- and edge-transitive |
→ | edge-transitive and regular | → | edge-transitive |

↓ | ↓ | ↓ | ||

vertex-transitive | → | regular | → | _{(if bipartite)}biregular |

↑ | ||||

Cayley graph | ← | zero-symmetric | asymmetric |

Skew-symmetric graphs were first introduced under the name of *antisymmetrical digraphs* by Tutte (1967), later as the double covering graphs of polar graphs by Zelinka (1976b), and still later as the double covering graphs of bidirected graphs by Zaslavsky (1991). They arise in modeling the search for alternating paths and alternating cycles in algorithms for finding matchings in graphs, in testing whether a still life pattern in Conway's Game of Life may be partitioned into simpler components, in graph drawing, and in the implication graphs used to efficiently solve the 2-satisfiability problem.