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Skodje

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Skodje kommune
View of the Skodje bridges
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Skodje within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°30′58″N 06°41′59″E / 62.51611°N 6.69972°E / 62.51611; 6.69972Coordinates: 62°30′58″N 06°41′59″E / 62.51611°N 6.69972°E / 62.51611; 6.69972
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Established1849-1965
Re-established1 Jan 1977
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreSkodje
Government
 • Mayor (2015-2019)Dag Olav Tennfjord (H)
Area
 • Total120.03 km2 (46.34 sq mi)
 • Land110.74 km2 (42.76 sq mi)
 • Water9.29 km2 (3.59 sq mi)  7.7%
Area rank365 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2018)
 • Total4,680
 • Rank211 in Norway
 • Density42.3/km2 (110/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
24.8%
Demonym(s)Skodjebygdar
Skodjebygder[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1529
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Preceded byBorgund in 1849
Succeeded byÅlesund in 2020
Websiteskodje.kommune.no

Skodje (pronunciation: [skɔʏə] or [skøʏə]) is a former municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It was part of the Sunnmøre region. The administrative centre was the village of Skodje. The other main village in the municipality was Valle.

The European Route E39/E136 highway runs through the municipality, connecting it to the nearby cities of Ålesund and Molde.

At the time if its dissolution in 2020, the 120-square-kilometre (46 sq mi) municipality is the 365th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Skodje is the 211th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,680. The municipality's population density is 42.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (110/sq mi) and its population has increased by 24.8% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information

View of Håeimsvika
View of Håeimsvika
View of the Skodje Bridge
View of the Skodje Bridge

The municipality of Skodje was established in 1849 when it was separated from the large Borgund municipality. The initial population of Skodje was 2,170. On 1 January 1902, the northern district of Skodje was separated to form the new Vatne Municipality. This left Skodje with 1,551 residents. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, there was a merger between Stordal Municipality, Ørskog Municipality, and Skodje Municipality, creating a new, large Ørskog Municipality. This was merger was short-lived. On 1 January 1977, the merger was reversed all three municipalities were separated once again. This left the newly reconstituted Skodje Municipality with a population of 2,634.[5]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality of Skodje was merged with Haram Municipality, Ørskog Municipality, Sandøy Municipality, and Ålesund Municipality to form one large municipality of Ålesund.[6]

Name

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Skodje farm (Old Norse: Sköðvin), since the first Skodje Church was built there. The meaning of the first element is unknown, but the last element is vin which means "meadow" or "pasture". Before 1879, the name was written Skoue.[7]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 19 June 1987. The arms show the local Skodje Bridge, a very old bridge which crosses over the Straumen river, a major architectural feat at its time.[8]

Churches

The Church of Norway had one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Skodje. It is part of the Austre Sunnmøre prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Skodje
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Skodje Skodje Church Skodje 1860

Geography

The municipality of Skodje shares land borders with Haram Municipality to the north, Vestnes Municipality to the northeast, Ørskog Municipality to the southeast, and Ålesund Municipality to the west. Across the Storfjorden to the south is Sykkylven Municipality. Skodje municipality is located on the mainland and also on part of the island of Oksenøya, plus many small surrounding islands. The Ellingsøyfjorden cuts into the municipality from the west.

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Skodje, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Sunnmøre District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Skodje is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown for the final municipal council was as follows:

Skodje Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Skodje Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Skodje Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Skodje Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:21
Skodje Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:21
Skodje Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:21
Skodje Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:21
Skodje Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:21
Skodje Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:21
Skodje Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:21
Skodje Heradsstyre 1964 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Skodje Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Skodje Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Skodje Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:16
Skodje Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Skodje Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Skodje Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:12

Economy

Skodje's economy is mostly based on agriculture and forestry, but there is also industry, lumber, and furniture-industry located there.[24] Some industries have relocated from Ålesund to Skodje. Skodje has a young population, where 60% of the people are under the age of 40.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Nye Ålesund" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-19.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 159.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-08-11.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  10. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Møre og Romsdal" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  12. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  17. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  24. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Skodje" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-07-05.
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