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Swat District

District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Swat District (Urdu: ضلع سوات, Pashto: سوات ولسوالۍ, pronounced [ˈswaːt̪]) is a district in the Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. With a population of 2,309,570 per the 2017 national census, Swat is the 15th-largest district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.

Quick facts: Swat District سوات, Country, Province, Di...
Swat District
Top: Mahodand Lake
Bottom: Mountains near Gabin Jabba
Switzerland of the East[1]
Swat District, highlighted red, shown within the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Swat District, highlighted red, shown within the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Coordinates: 35°12′N 72°29′E
CountryFlag_of_Pakistan.svg Pakistan
ProvinceFlag_of_Khyber_Pakhtunkhwa.svg Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
CapitalSaidu Sharif
Largest cityMingora
Number of Tehsils7
  TypeDistrict Administration
  Deputy CommissionerN/A
  District Police OfficerN/A
  District Health OfficerN/A
  Total5,337 km2 (2,061 sq mi)
  Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT)
Area codeArea code 0946
Languages (2017)[3]

Swat District is centered on the Valley of Swat, usually referred to simply as Swat, which is a natural geographic region surrounding the Swat River. The valley was a major centre of early Buddhism under the ancient kingdom of Gandhara, and was a major centre of Gandharan Buddhism, with pockets of Buddhism persisting in the valley until the 17th century, after which the area became largely Muslim.[4][5][6] Until 1969, Swat was part of the self-governing princely state of Swat, that was inherited by Pakistan following its independence from British rule. The region was seized by the Tehrik-i-Taliban in late-2007 until Pakistani control was re-established in mid-2009.[7][8]

The average elevation of Swat is 980 m (3,220 ft),[5] resulting in a considerably cooler and wetter climate compared to the rest of Pakistan. With lush forests, verdant alpine meadows, and snow-capped mountains, Swat is one of the country's most popular tourist destinations.[9][10]