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System responsible for combining morphemes into complex structures / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In linguistics, syntax (/ˈsɪntæks/ SIN-taks)[1][2] is the study of how words and morphemes combine to form larger units such as phrases and sentences. Central concerns of syntax include word order, grammatical relations, hierarchical sentence structure (constituency),[3] agreement, the nature of crosslinguistic variation, and the relationship between form and meaning (semantics). There are numerous approaches to syntax that differ in their central assumptions and goals.

Major levels of linguistic structure. Syntax is shown encompassed by semantics, and encompassing morphology.