Terracotta

Clay-based earthenware used for sculpture / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Terracotta, also known as terra cotta or terra-cotta[2] (Italian: [ˌtɛrraˈkɔtta]; lit.'baked earth';[3] from Latin terra cocta 'cooked earth'),[4] is a term used in some contexts for earthenware. It is a clay-based non-vitreous ceramic,[5] fired at relatively low temperatures.[6]

Pentola_in_terracotta.jpg
Contemporary terracotta casserole dish
Bust_of_the_Virgin_MET_DP124049_%28cropped%29.jpg
International Gothic Bohemian bust of the Virgin Mary; c.1390–1395; terracotta with polychromy;[1] 32.5 x 22.4 x 13.8 cm

Usage and definitions of the term vary, such as:

Glazed architectural terracotta and its unglazed version as exterior surfaces for buildings were used in East Asia for centuries before becoming popular in the West in the 19th century. Architectural terracotta can also refer to decorated ceramic elements such as antefixes and revetments, which had a large impact on the appearance of temples and other buildings in the classical architecture of Europe, as well as in the Ancient Near East.[10]

0_%C3%89lisabeth_Vig%C3%A9e-Lebrun_-_Aguste_Pajou_-_RF_2909_Louvre_.JPG
Bust of Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun; by Augustin Pajou; 1783; terracotta; height: 55cm, width: 44cm, thickness: 21cm

This article covers the senses of terracotta as a medium in sculpture, as in the Terracotta Army and Greek terracotta figurines, and architectural decoration. East Asian and European sculpture in porcelain is not covered.

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