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|The Leopard Man|
Theatrical release poster by William Rose
|Directed by||Jacques Tourneur|
|Produced by||Val Lewton|
|Written by||Ardel Wray|
|Based on||Black Alibi|
by Cornell Woolrich
|Music by||Roy Webb|
|Cinematography||Robert De Grasse|
|Edited by||Mark Robson|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures Inc.|
The Leopard Man is a 1943 American horror film directed by Jacques Tourneur, and starring Dennis O'Keefe, Jean Brooks, and Margo. Based on the book Black Alibi by Cornell Woolrich, it follows a series of violent murders in a small New Mexico town, which coincide with the escape of a leopard from a nightclub.
In a sleepy New Mexico town, nightclub owner Jerry Manning hires a black leopard as a publicity stunt for his girlfriend, Kiki Walker, a performer there. Kiki uses the opportunity to interrupt the act of her rival, Clo-Clo, by storming into the restaurant with the leopard on a leash. Angered, Clo-Clo frightens the leopard with her castanets, and it escapes, fleeing into the night. Charlie, the Native American owner of the leopard who leased it to Jerry, begins pestering him for money to replace the cat.
That night, a young local woman, Teresa, goes to purchase corn meal for her family's dinner. Under a bridge in an arroyo, she encounters the leopard, and flees to her house. She is killed at the door just before her family is able to let her back in the house. The medical examiner rules Teresa's death an accident, presuming she was mauled by the leopard. Shortly after, Consuela, another local, goes to visit her father's grave in the cemetery on her birthday. Lost in thought, Consuela fails to leave before the gatekeeper locks the gate, and finds herself trapped with the cemetery's stone walls. When help arrives, Consuela is found, another apparent victim of the leopard.
After learning of the second murder, Jerry inquires to the police as to why the leopard has remained within the city, as he was informed it would naturally flee to wilderness. Charlie also questions whether the leopard killed Consuela, but is gaslit by the local historian and museum curator Galbraith, into believing he may be responsible, committing the murders during his nightly alcohol binges in which he blacks out. At his request, Charlie is kept in a jail cell overnight. Clo-Clo spends the night with an elderly wealthy man at the nightclub, who gifts her a hundred-dollar bill. After, she visits Maria, a fortune teller, who warns her that "something black" is coming to claim her. En route home, Maria loses the hundred-dollar bill. When she goes back out to find it, she is attacked at murdered.
Kiki and Jerry prepare to leave on a trip to Chicago, coinciding with an annual procession that occurs in the town, commemorating the mass murder of the Natives by the conquistadors. As they depart for their train, Kiki and Jerry are gifted a bouquet of flowers from Galbraith, which Kiki wishes to place on Consuela's grave before they leave town. At the cemetery, they are met by Charlie, who notifies them his leopard has been found shot dead in the arroyo, and its fur taken; he presumes the cat has been dead for at least a week, suggesting a human may be responsible for the murders. Charlie recalls having seen Galbraith in the area, and suspects he killed the leopard. Jerry attempts to turn Galbraith into police, but they do not believe him.
During the procession that night, Galbraith hears a woman's scream at the cemetery. He subsequently enters the museum, where he hears the sound of the castanets echoing. Shortly after, Kiki arrives at the museum, where she offers to accompany Galbraith in viewing the procession. She convinces Galbraith to turn off the lights, remarking they will better be able to watching the procession. Galbraith agrees, and, once the lights are off, Kiki droops a pair of castanets. Galbraith attacks her, but she is saved by Jerry. Galbraith flees into the street, where he is eventually stopped amongst the procession marchers. Confronted by Jerry and Raoul, Consuela's fiancé, Galbraith confesses to having murdered both Consuelo and Clo-Clo. He admits to having been inspired to do so after witnessing the leopard maul Teresa to death. Seeking vengeance, Raoul shoots Galbraith to death.
Later, while at the funeral parlor, Jerry and Kiki reaffirm their love for one another.
- Dennis O'Keefe as Jerry Manning
- Margo as Gabriella "Clo-Clo"
- Jean Brooks as Kiki Walker
- Isabel Jewell as Maria, The Fortune Teller
- Marguerite Sylva as Marta
- Margaret Landry as Terésa Delgado
- Abner Biberman as Charlie
- James Bell as Dr. Galbraith
- Tuulikki Paananen as Consuela Contreras
- Fely Franquelli as Rosita Contreras
- Ariel Heath as Eloise
indicates uncredited cast member
Upon the its initial theatrical release, The Leopard Man received mixed reviews. In their 1943 review of the film, Bosley Crowther of The New York Times called the film "Half-baked", and wrote, "The Leopard Man is nothing but a feeble and obvious attempt to frighten and shock the audience with a few exercises in mayhem."
In the subsequent years, following the film's release, modern critical response has been mostly positive, with many critics praising the film's atmosphere, direction, and suspense. On Rotten Tomatoes, The Leopard Man holds an approval rating of 89% based on 18 reviews, with a weighted average rating of 7.37/10.
Ed Gonzalez of Slant Magazine awarded the film four out of four stars, praising Tourneur's use of sound and shadows to create tension. Dennis Schwartz of Ozus' World Movie Reviews rated the film a grade A, writing, "Tourneur's fast-paced film is armed with a taut and intelligent script, and is one of those memorable films that gets even better with age like a good wine."
The Leopard Man has gradually acquired a cult following over the years, and is now considered a cult classic. It has been included in multiple lists at various media publications as one of the greatest horror films ever made. Indiewire placed it at #90 in their "The 100 Greatest Horror Movies of All-Time". Slant Magazine listed it at #31 in their "The 100 Best Horror Movies of All Time".
- Preston, Scott. "The Strange Pleasure of the Leopard Man: Gender, Genre and Authorship in a Val Lewton Thriller". CineAction 71. Archived from the original on 2009-12-03. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- Crowther, Bosley (May 20, 1943). "Boo to You". The New York Times. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- "The Leopard Man (1943)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- Gonzalez, Ed (June 22, 2004). "Review: The Leopard Man". SlantMagazine.com. Slant Magazine. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- Schwartz, Dennis (December 18, 2004). "leopardman". Ozus' World Movie Reviews. Dennis Schwartz. Archived from the original on April 30, 2019. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
- Guynn, William (13 September 2010). The Routledge Companion to Film History. Routledge. p. 150. ISBN 978-1-136-89940-9.
- Blauvelt, Christian (October 9, 2019). "The 100 Best Horror Movies of All Time". Indiewire.com. Indiewire. p. 2. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- Gonzalez, Ed (October 25, 2019). "The 100 Best Horror Movies of All Time". SlantMagazine.com. Slant Magazine. p. 7. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- Musnicky, Sarah (June 19, 2019). "[News] The 40's Horror Classic THE LEOPARD MAN Arrives on Blu-ray July 30th!". NightmarishConjurings.com. Nightmarish Conjurings. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- Holcomb, Brian (September 9, 2019). "The Technique in 'The Leopard Man' Was Way Ahead of Its Time". PopMatters.com. Pop Matters. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
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