Thomas Eakins

American artist (1844–1916) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Thomas Eakins?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins (/ˈkɪnz/; July 25, 1844 – June 25, 1916) was an American realist painter, photographer,[1] sculptor, and fine arts educator. He is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important American artists.[2][3]

Quick facts: Thomas Eakins, Born, Died, Nationality, Educa...
Thomas Eakins
Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins

(1844-07-25)July 25, 1844
DiedJune 25, 1916(1916-06-25) (aged 71)
EducationPennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, École des Beaux-Arts
Known forPainting, sculpture
Notable workMax Schmitt in a Single Scull, 1871
The Gross Clinic, 1875
The Agnew Clinic, 1889
William Rush and His Model, 1908
AwardsNational Academician

For the length of his professional career, from the early 1870s until his health began to fail some 40 years later, Eakins worked exactingly from life, choosing as his subject the people of his hometown of Philadelphia. He painted several hundred portraits, usually of friends, family members, or prominent people in the arts, sciences, medicine, and clergy. Taken en masse, the portraits offer an overview of the intellectual life of contemporary Philadelphia of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

In addition, Eakins produced a number of large paintings that brought the portrait out of the drawing room and into the offices, streets, parks, rivers, arenas, and surgical amphitheaters of his city. These active outdoor venues allowed him to paint the subject that most inspired him: the nude or lightly clad figure in motion. In the process, he could model the forms of the body in full sunlight, and create images of deep space utilizing his studies in perspective. Eakins took keen interest in new motion photography, a field in which he is now seen as an innovator.

Eakins was also an educator, and his instruction was a highly influential presence in American art. The difficulties he encountered as an artist were seeking to paint portraits and figures realistically as behavioral and sexual scandals truncated his success and challenged his reputation.

Eakins was a controversial figure whose work received little recognition during his lifetime. Since his death, he has been celebrated by American art historians as "the strongest, most profound realist in nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century American art".[4]