Thomas Young (scientist)

18th/19th-century English polymath / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Thomas Young FRS (13 June 1773  10 May 1829) was a British polymath who made notable contributions to the fields of vision, light, solid mechanics, energy, physiology, language, musical harmony, and Egyptology. He was instrumental in the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphs, specifically the Rosetta Stone.

Young has been described as "The Last Man Who Knew Everything".[1] His work influenced that of William Herschel, Hermann von Helmholtz, James Clerk Maxwell, and Albert Einstein. Young is credited with establishing Christiaan Huygens' wave theory of light, in contrast to the corpuscular theory of Isaac Newton.[2] Young's work was subsequently supported by the work of Augustin-Jean Fresnel.