Brass instrument played with a slide / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The trombone (German: Posaune, Italian, French: trombone) is a musical instrument in the brass family. As with all brass instruments, sound is produced when the player's vibrating lips cause the air column inside the instrument to vibrate. Nearly all trombones use a telescoping slide mechanism to alter the pitch instead of the valves used by other brass instruments. The valve trombone is an exception, using three valves similar to those on a trumpet, and the superbone has valves and a slide.

Quick facts: Brass instrument, Classification, Hornbostel–...
A tenor trombone
Brass instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification423.22
(Sliding aerophone sounded by lip vibration)
DevelopedOriginated mid 15th century, sackbut in English until the early 18th century.
Playing range

  \layout { ragged-right = ##t \context { \Score \omit BarNumber } }
    \new Staff \with { \remove "Time_signature_engraver" }
    \clef bass \key c \major \cadenzaOn

    e,,1                        ^ \finger \markup \text "pedals"

    \clef tenor  bes'1

    \tweak font-size #-2  d''1  ^ \finger \markup \text "poss."

    \clef bass
    \ottava #-1
    \tweak font-size #-2  c,,1  ^ \finger \markup \text "F poss."
    \tweak font-size #-2 ees,,1
    \ottava #0

    \tweak font-size #-2  b,,1  ^ \finger \markup \text "E*"

    \tweak font-size #-2  c,1   ^ \finger \markup \text "F"
    \tweak font-size #-2  ees,1

Range of the tenor trombone. Ranges marked "F" are only possible with an F attachment; low B is only possible if the tuning slide of the F attachment is pulled out to E. For other trombones, see § Types.
Related instruments

The word "trombone" derives from Italian tromba (trumpet) and -one (a suffix meaning "large"), so the name means "large trumpet". The trombone has a predominantly cylindrical bore like the trumpet, in contrast to the more conical brass instruments like the cornet, the euphonium, and the French horn. The most frequently encountered trombones are the tenor trombone and bass trombone. These are treated as non-transposing instruments, reading at concert pitch in bass clef, with higher notes sometimes being notated in tenor clef. They are pitched in B♭, an octave below the B♭ trumpet and an octave above the B♭ bass tuba. The once common E♭ alto trombone became less common as improvements in technique extended the upper range of the tenor, but it is regaining popularity for its lighter sonority. In British brass-band music the tenor trombone is treated as a B♭ transposing instrument, written in treble clef, and the alto trombone is written at concert pitch, usually in alto clef.

A person who plays the trombone is called a trombonist or trombone player.