Tyne and Wear (/ˌtn ... ˈwɪər/) is a metropolitan county in North East England, situated around the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear. It was created in 1974, by the Local Government Act 1972, along with five metropolitan boroughs of Gateshead, Newcastle upon Tyne, Sunderland, North Tyneside and South Tyneside. It is bordered by Northumberland to the north and Durham to the south; the county boundary was formerly split between these counties with the border as the River Tyne.

Quick facts: Tyne and Wear, Sovereign state, Constituent c...
Tyne and Wear
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionNorth East
(Local Government Act 1972) Created from the five county boroughs within Northumberland (North of Tyne) and County Durham (South of Tyne)
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
PoliceNorthumbria Police
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantLucy Winskell
High SheriffMrs Sarah Stewart[1] (2020–21)
Area538 km2 (208 sq mi)
  Ranked44th of 48
Population (mid-2019 est.)1,136,371
  Ranked16th of 48
Density2,105/km2 (5,450/sq mi)
91.49% White British
4.10% Asian
1.98% Other White
0.97% Mixed
0.78% Black
0.67% Other
Metropolitan county
Area538 km2 (208 sq mi)
ONS code2D
GSS codeE11000007
WebsiteLieutenancy website

Districts of Tyne and Wear
  1. Gateshead
  2. City of Newcastle upon Tyne
  3. North Tyneside
  4. South Tyneside
  5. City of Sunderland

The former county council was based at Sandyford House. There is no longer county level local governance following the county council disbanding in 1986, by the Local Government Act 1985, with the metropolitan boroughs functioning separately. The county still exists as a metropolitan county and ceremonial purposes, as a geographic frame of reference.[3][4][5] There are two combined authorities covering parts of the county area, North of Tyne and North East.