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Linux distribution developed by Canonical / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Ubuntu (/ʊˈbʊnt/ uu-BUUN-too)[8] is a Linux distribution based on Debian and composed mostly of free and open-source software.[9][10][11] Ubuntu is officially released in multiple editions: Desktop,[12] Server,[13] and Core[14] for Internet of things devices[15] and robots.[16][17] The operating system is developed by the British company Canonical,[18] and a community of other developers, under a meritocratic governance model.[8][19] As of October 2023, the most-recent release is 23.10 ("Mantic Minotaur"), and the current long-term support release is 22.04 ("Jammy Jellyfish").

Quick facts: Developer, OS family, Working state, Source m...
Ubuntu 23.10 "Mantic Minotaur"
DeveloperCanonical Ltd.
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen-source[1][2]
Initial releaseUbuntu 4.10 (Warty Warthog) / 20 October 2004 (19 years ago) (2004-10-20)
Latest releaseUbuntu 23.10.1 (Mantic Minotaur)[3] Edit this on Wikidata
22.04.3 LTS[4] Edit this on Wikidata / 16 October 2023; 52 days ago (16 October 2023)
10 August 2023; 3 months ago (10 August 2023)
Marketing targetCloud computing, personal computers, servers, supercomputers, IoT
Available inMore than 55 languages by LoCos
Update methodSoftware Updater, Ubuntu Software, apt
Package managerGNOME Software, dpkg (APT), Snap – graphical front-end: Snap Store
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux kernel)
user interface
LicenseFree software + some proprietary device drivers[7]
Official Edit this at Wikidata

As with other Linux distributions, all of the editions can run on a computer alone, or in a virtual machine (such as WSL in Microsoft Windows).[20] An upgrade to Ubuntu is released every six months, with long-term support (LTS) releases every two years.[8][21][22] Canonical provides security updates and support for each Ubuntu release, starting from the release date until the release reaches its designated end-of-life (EOL) date.[8][23][24] Canonical generates revenue through the sale of premium services related to Ubuntu and donations from those who download the Ubuntu software.[25][26][27]

Ubuntu is named after the Nguni philosophy of ubuntu, "humanity to others" with a connotation of "I am what I am because of who we all are".[8] Since the release of the first version in 2004, Ubuntu has become one of the most popular Linux distributions for general purposes[28][29] and is backed by large online communities like Ask Ubuntu. Numerous community-editions of Ubuntu also exist.[30] It is also popular for cloud computing, with support for OpenStack.[31]

Ubuntu - Version History - Visual Timeline - 20231019

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