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Summarize this article for a 10 years old
The University of Chicago (UChicago, Chicago, U of C, or UChi) is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois, United States. The university has its main campus in Chicago's Hyde Park neighborhood.
|Latin: Universitas Chicaginiensis|
|Motto||Crescat scientia; vita excolatur (Latin)|
Motto in English
|"Let knowledge grow from more to more; and so be human life enriched"|
|Type||Private research university|
|Established||1890; 133 years ago (1890)|
|Founder||John D. Rockefeller|
|Endowment||$10.3 billion (2022)|
|President||A. Paul Alivisatos|
|15,949 (including employees of The University of Chicago Medical Center)|
|Campus||Large city, 217 acres (87.8 ha) (main campus)|
Warren Woods Ecological Field Station, Warren Woods State Park, 42 acres (17.0 ha)
|Newspaper||The Chicago Maroon|
|NCAA Division III –|
|Mascot||Phil the Phoenix|
The university is composed of an undergraduate college and four graduate research divisions, which contain all of the university's graduate programs and interdisciplinary committees. It has eight professional schools: the Law School; the Booth School of Business; the Pritzker School of Medicine; the Crown Family School of Social Work, Policy, and Practice; the Harris School of Public Policy; the Divinity School; the Graham School of Continuing Liberal and Professional Studies; and the Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering. The university has additional campuses and centers in London, Paris, Beijing, Delhi, and Hong Kong, as well as in downtown Chicago.
University of Chicago scholars have played a major role in the development of many academic disciplines, including economics, law, literary criticism, mathematics, physics, religion, sociology, and political science, establishing the Chicago schools in various fields. Chicago's Metallurgical Laboratory produced the world's first human-made, self-sustaining nuclear reaction in Chicago Pile-1 beneath the viewing stands of the university's Stagg Field. Advances in chemistry led to the "radiocarbon revolution" in the carbon-14 dating of ancient life and objects. The university research efforts include administration of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and Argonne National Laboratory, as well as the Marine Biological Laboratory. The university is also home to the University of Chicago Press, the largest university press in the United States.
The university's students, faculty, and staff include 99 Nobel laureates. The university's faculty members and alumni also include 10 Fields Medalists, 4 Turing Award winners, 52 MacArthur Fellows, 26 Marshall Scholars, 53 Rhodes Scholars, 27 Pulitzer Prize winners, 20 National Humanities Medalists, 29 living billionaire graduates, and 8 Olympic medalists.
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