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Voronezh Mechanical Plant

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Voronezh Mechanical Plant
Native name
Воронежский механический завод
Voronezh Mechanical Plant
FormerlyДизельный завод
TypeUnitary enterprise
  • Liquid rocket engine manufacturing
  • Aircraft engine manufacturing
  • Train Diesel engines manufacturing
  • Oil and gas equipment manufacturing
  • Metallurgical production
FoundedVoronezh, Russia (October 1, 1928 (1928-10-01))
Headquartersул. Ворошилова, 22, ,
Key people
Sergey Viktorovich Kovalev
ParentKhrunichev State Research and Production Space Center
WebsiteOfficial Website

Voronezh Mechanical Plant (Russian: Воронежский механический завод, ВМЗ) is a Russian engine and heavy machinery manufacturing plant. It is located in the city of Voronezh, in the Voronezh Oblast.


Voronezh Mechanical Plant started as a diesel engine manufacturing plant, and has been the plant that serially manufactures the engines designed by Chemical Automatics Design Bureau (KBKhA). In later years,[when?] it has branched into producing oil and gas products like valves, manifolds and fittings.[1]

In January 2017, Roscosmos announced that firing tests revealed problems with the Voronezh-produced Proton rocket upper stage engines. According to the investigation, expensive alloys had been replaced by cheaper less heat-resistant alloys. Voronezh director-general Ivan Tikhonovich Koptev resigned.[2][3][4]

On November 1, 2019, enterprises ВМЗ and the Chemical Automatics Design Bureau were merged.[5][6][full citation needed]


Current engines

Engines in production at the plant as of 2015:[7]

Former engines

Engines that are no longer produced at the plant.[7]

  • RD-0105 an RP-1/LOX upper stage engine that powered the Luna 8K72 Block-E and was the first engine to achieve escape velocity.[8]
  • RD-0107 - Upper stage engine of the Molniya.
  • RD-0108 - Upper stage engine of the Voskhod. Human rated version of the RD-0107.
  • RD-0109 - An RP-1/LOX upper stage engine that powered the Vostok-K Block-E that was used on launch of Vostok 1 to orbit making Yuri Gagarin the first human to go to outer space and the first to orbit the Earth.[8]
  • RD-0120 - An LH2/LOX sustainer engine that powered the Energia Core rocket engine. Roughly equivalent to the SSME.
  • RD-0203 - The second staged combustion rocket in the world, and the first hypergolic. Used in first stage of UR-200
  • RD-0204 - Slight variation of the RD-0204 with a heat exchanger. Also used in first stage of UR-200.
  • RD-0206 - Second stage version of the RD-0203. Used in second stage of UR-200.
  • RD-0207 - UR-200 second stage vernier engine.
  • RD-0208 - Improved RD-0203. Used on the UR-500 second stage.
  • RD-0209 - Improved RD-0204. Used on the UR-500 second stage.

See also


  1. ^ "История" [History] (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-07-20.
  2. ^ "Russia's Proton Rocket faces extended Grounding due to systemic Engine Problems – Spaceflight101". Retrieved 2017-01-26.
  3. ^ "Proton grounded by failing quality control". Retrieved 2017-01-26.
  4. ^ "Roscosmos calls off all Proton-M rocket engines". PravdaReport. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
  5. ^ "Воронежский мехзавод и КБХА завершили процесс объединения трудовых коллективов".
  6. ^ "В Воронеже завершилось объединение ВМЗ и КБХА". 5 November 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Liquid Rocket Engine". Voronezh Mechanical Plant. Retrieved 2015-07-20.
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Voronezh Mechanical Plant
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