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|President of the Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York|
|Preceded by||Robert R. Livingston|
|Succeeded by||Robert Lenox|
|Preceded by||Alexander Colden|
|Succeeded by||Peter Middleton|
|Born||December 29, 1723|
|Died||January 10, 1804 (aged 80)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
(m. 1758; died 1801)
Mary Rutherfurd Clarkson
|Parents||Sir John Rutherfurd|
Elizabeth Cairncross Rutherfurd
Rutherfurd was born on December 29, 1723 in Edgerston, Roxburghshire, Scotland. He was the sixth son of nineteen children born to Sir John Rutherfurd and Elizabeth (née Cairncross) Rutherfurd, who married in 1710. Among his siblings was elder brother John Rutherfurd, who commanded an attack on the French at Fort Niagara in 1748 and was killed at Fort Ticonderoga on July 8, 1758 during the Battle of Carillon. A younger brother, Sir Robert Rutherfurd, was created a Baron of Russia by Catherine the Great in 1768.
His paternal grandparents were Thomas Rutherfurd of Teviotdale and Susannah (née Riddell) Rutherfurd, and he was eleventh in descent from James Rutherfurd of Clan Rutherford, who was granted the manorial lands of Edgerston in 1492 by King James IV of Scotland.
In 1738, at age fifteen, he entered the Royal Navy. He served until 1746 when he joined the Army of the Kingdom of Great Britain as an officer in the Royal Scots Regiment, serving as paymaster during the Flanders and German campaigns.
When the French and Indian War began in 1756, he sailed to British America and joined the Royal and Colonial forces as a captain of Grenadiers in the 4th Battalion of the Royal American Regiment, eventually becoming promoted to Judge Advocate and a Major in the Colonial Army. During the War, he "received the terms of surrender" of Fort Niagara and when Montreal was captured, the keys of the city were given to him.
After retiring from active duty, he received a patent of five thousand acres in the Province of New Jersey, in 1760 and 1775, for his military service (in addition to the lands he gained due to his marriage). During the American Revolution, even though he was a Loyalist, he "took no active part in the dispute and subsequent warfare," and retired to his estate in New Jersey, essentially a hostage of the Patriots, during the Revolutionary War.
After the War ended, Rutherfurd returned to New York and entered the importing business and at Hunterdon County, New Jersey. His extensive connections with England enabled his firm to grow and he became one of the wealthiest citizens in New York. In 1771, he was a founder of the New York Hospital and for which he served as governor from 1774 to 1778, as well as an owner of a share of the Tontine Coffee House in 1796.
Rutherfurd was a founder, and one of the original members, of the Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York, serving as Assistant from 1761 to 1766, first vice-president from 1785 to 1787 and president, twice, from 1766 to 1767 and, again, from 1792 to 1798.
On December 21, 1758, he was married to Catherine Alexander (1727–1801) in New York. Catherine was the daughter of James Alexander and Mary Alexander Provoost. Among her siblings were William Alexander, Lord Stirling, Mary Alexander (wife of Peter Van Brugh Livingston), Elizabeth Alexander (wife of John Stevens) and Susannah Alexander (Wife of British Army Officer John Reid). Together, they were the parents of:
- John Rutherfurd (1760–1840), a U.S. Senator who married Helena Magdalena Morris (1762–1840), daughter of Continental Congressman Lewis Morris.
- Mary Rutherfurd (1761–1786), who married Maj. Gen. Matthew Clarkson.
Through his son John, he was a grandfather of eight, including Mary Rutherfurd (1784–1868); Robert Walter Rutherfurd (1788–1852), a member of the New Jersey State Legislature (who inherited his share in the Tontine Coffee House); Helena Rutherfurd (1790–1873), who married Peter Gerard Stuyvesant (the 2x-great grandson of Peter Stuyvesant and one of the wealthiest New Yorkers in his lifetime); and Louisa Morris Rutherfurd (1792–1857).
Through his daughter Mary, he was a grandfather of Mary Rutherfurd Clarkson (1786–1838), who married her cousin Peter Augustus Jay, the eldest son of Chief Justice John Jay and Sarah Van Brugh (née Livingston) Jay, in 1807.
- Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York (1911). Roster of Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York with Biographical Data. D. Taylor. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
- Browning, Charles Henry (1883). Americans of Royal Descent. Porter & Costes. p. 220. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- Dobson, David (1997). Scottish Soldiers in Colonial America. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 68. ISBN 9780806352381. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- Greene, Katherine Glass (2002). Winchester, Virginia And Its Beginnings, 1743-1814. Heritage Books. p. 371. ISBN 9780788420627. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- Morrison, George Austin (1906). History of Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York, 1756-1906. New York: Saint Andrew's Society of the State of NY. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
- "Guide to the Alexander Papers 1668-1818 (bulk 1717-1786) MS 8". dlib.nyu.edu. New-York Historical Society. 4 October 2013. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Livingston, Edwin Brockholst (1910). The Livingstons of Livingston Manor: Being the History of that Branch of the Scottish House of Callendar which Settled in the English Province of New York During the Reign of Charles the Second; and Also Including an Account of Robert Livingston of Albany, "The Nephew," a Settler in the Same Province and His Principal Descendants. Knickerbocker Press. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
- Reynolds, Cuyler (1914). Genealogical and Family History of Southern New York and the Hudson River Valley: A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Building of a Nation. Lewis Historical Publishing Company. pp. 1023–1029. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
- "RUTHERFURD, John - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
- "Funeral of Mrs. Stuyvesant". The New York Times. 21 August 1873. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
- "A RARE PAIR OF AMERICAN SILVER BOTTLE STANDS, MYER MYERS, NEW YORK, CIRCA 1765". sothebys.com. Sotheby's. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
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