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Water turbine

Type of turbine / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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A water turbine is a rotary machine that converts kinetic energy and potential energy of water into mechanical work.

Kaplan turbine and electrical generator cut-away view.
The runner of the small water turbine

Water turbines were developed in the 19th century and were widely used for industrial power prior to electrical grids. Now, they are mostly used for electric power generation. Water turbines are mostly found in dams to generate electric power from water potential energy.