Wilhelm Marx

German chancellor (1923–1925, 1926–1928) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Wilhelm Marx (15 January 1863 – 5 August 1946) was a German judge, politician and member of the Catholic Centre Party. During the Weimar Republic he was the chancellor of Germany twice, from 1923–1925 and 1926–1928, and served briefly as the minister president of Prussia in 1925. With a total of 3 years and 73 days, he was the longest-serving chancellor during the Weimar Republic.

Quick facts: Wilhelm Marx, Chancellor of Germany .mw-parse...
Wilhelm Marx
Marx in 1923
Chancellor of Germany
(Weimar Republic)
In office
17 May 1926  12 June 1928
PresidentPaul von Hindenburg
DeputyOskar Hergt
Preceded byHans Luther
Succeeded byHermann Müller
In office
30 November 1923  15 January 1925
PresidentFriedrich Ebert
DeputyKarl Jarres
Preceded byGustav Stresemann
Succeeded byHans Luther
Reich Justice Minister
In office
10 January 1926  12 May 1926
ChancellorHans Luther
Preceded byHans Luther (acting)
Succeeded byJohannes Bell
Reich Minister for the Occupied Territories
In office
10 January 1926  12 May 1926
ChancellorHans Luther
Preceded byHans Luther
Succeeded byJohannes Bell
Minister President of Prussia
In office
18 February 1925  6 April 1925
Preceded byOtto Braun
Succeeded byOtto Braun
Centre Party Chairman
In office
17 January 1922  8 December 1928
Preceded byKarl Trimborn [de]
Succeeded byLudwig Kaas
Member of the Reichstag
(Weimar Republic)
In office
(German Empire)
In office
ConstituencyKöln 6
Member of the Weimar National Assembly
In office
6 February 1919  21 May 1920
Personal details
Wilhelm Marx

(1863-01-15)15 January 1863
Cologne, Prussia
Died5 August 1946(1946-08-05) (aged 83)
Bonn, Allied-occupied Germany
Political partyCentre
Johanna Verkoyen
(m. 1891)
EducationUniversity of Bonn

After being a member of the Reichstag of the German Empire for ten years, Marx was elected in 1919 to the Weimar National Assembly that drafted Germany's new constitution and then in 1920 to the Republic's Reichstag where he served until not long before the Nazi takeover. As chancellor he helped steer Germany through the crisis year of 1923 with its hyperinflation and rebellious state governments. The following year his government worked to end the immediate crisis over Germany's war reparations and then in 1927 successfully brought Germany into the League of Nations. His terms in office saw a number of progressive pieces of legislation pass, including family allowances for state employees and comprehensive unemployment insurance.

After resigning from the Reichstag in 1932, Marx worked with various civic organizations. He remained in Germany through the Nazi era and died in Bonn in 1946.