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Can you list the top facts and stats about ZX Spectrum?
Summarize this article for a 10 years old
|Introductory price||UK: £125 (16KB) / £175 (48KB), ESP: Pta44,250|
|Units sold||5 million|
|Media||Compact Cassette, ZX Microdrive, 3-inch floppy disk on Spectrum +3|
|Operating system||Sinclair BASIC|
|CPU||Z80A (or equivalent) @ 3.5 MHz|
|Memory||16 KB / 48 KB / 128 KB |
|Display||PAL RF modulator out, 256 x 192, 15 colours|
Referred to during development as the ZX81 Colour and ZX82, it was launched as the ZX Spectrum to highlight the machine's colour display, which differed from the black and white display of its predecessor, the ZX81. The Spectrum was released as six different models, ranging from the entry level with 16 KB RAM released in 1982 to the ZX Spectrum +3 with 128 KB RAM and built in floppy disk drive in 1987; altogether they sold over 5 million units worldwide (not counting unofficial clones).
The Spectrum was among the first home computers in the United Kingdom aimed at a mainstream audience; thus, it had similar significance to the Commodore 64 in the US and the Thomson MO5 in France. The introduction of the ZX Spectrum led to a boom in companies producing software and hardware for the machine, the effects of which are still seen. Some credit it as the machine which launched the British information technology industry. Licensing deals and clones followed, earning Clive Sinclair a knighthood for services to British industry.
The Commodore 64, Dragon 32, Oric-1, Oric Atmos, BBC Micro and later the Amstrad CPC range were rivals to the Spectrum in the UK market during the early 1980s. The machine was officially discontinued in 1992.