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According to Diogenes Laërtius, he wrote very few books, but left a great number of disciples. According to the testimony of Philodemus, Zeno rebutted the opinions of the Peripatetic philosopher Hieronymus of Rhodes in "five books Against Hieronymus" (Philodemus, Sto. hist., col. 48, fr. 18).
Little is known about Zeno's philosophical views. He was apparently an orthodox Stoic, but doubted the doctrine of the conflagration of the universe. This was a considerable modification of the physical theory of the Stoics, who held that the universe periodically dissolved into fire.
It is not known when he died. He was succeeded as head of the Stoic school by Diogenes of Babylon.
- Laërtius, Diogenes (1925). . Lives of the Eminent Philosophers. 2:7. Translated by Hicks, Robert Drew (Two volume ed.). Loeb Classical Library. § 35 Cf. 41, 84.
- Eusebius, Praeparatio Evangelica, 15. 18.
- Shiner, Roger A.; Jost, Lawrence John (2003). Eudaimonia and well-being: ancient and modern conceptions. Academic Printing & Publishing. p. 80.
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