Alexander the Great
king of Macedonia and conqueror of Achaemenid Persia (356–323 BC) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alexander III of Macedon (Greek: Αλέξανδρος, Aléxandros; 20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC) commonly known as Alexander the Great, was king of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon from 336 BC until his death in 323 BC. By the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires in history, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was one of the greatest military leaders of all time. He was born in 356 BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia.
|King of Macedonia|
|Pharaoh of Egypt|
|King of Persia|
|Lord of Asia|
|Born||20 or 21 July 356 BC|
Pella, Macedon, Ancient Greece
|Died||10 or 11 June 323 BC (aged 32)|
|Father||Philip II of Macedon|
|Mother||Olympias of Epirus|
|Religion||Ancient Greek religion|
Alexander was the son of Philip II, King of Macedonia, and Olympias, the princess of neighboring Epirus. Alexander spent his childhood watching his father turn Macedonia into a great military power, and watching him win victory on the battlefields in the Balkans.
Alexander the Great spoke the Greek language. He spread the Greek culture through out Asia.
When he was 13, Philip hired the Greek philosopher Aristotle to be Alexander’s personal tutor. During the next three years, Aristotle gave Alexander a training in rhetoric and literature, and stimulated his interest in science, medicine, and philosophy. All of these are important for a ruler, which Alexander later became.