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Darius III of Persia

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Darius III
Detail of Darius III from the Alexander Mosaic.
Reign336–330 BC
Bornc. 380 BC
DiedJuly 330 BC (aged 50)
HouseAchaemenid Dynasty

Darius III (c. 380 – July 330 BC) was first named Artashata. He was called Codomannus by the Greeks.[1] Darius III was the last king of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.[2] He ruled from 336 BC to 330 BC. Artashata took Darius as his dynastic name.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Heckel, Waldemar (2002). The Wars of Alexander the Great. p. 24. ISBN 978-1841764733. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  2. Alexander the Great at War: His Army - His Battles - His Enemies, ed. Waldemar Heckel (Oxford: Osprey, 2002), p. 24
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Darius III of Persia
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