Umberto II of Italy

lieutenant of the Kingdom of Italy and last king of Italy / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Umberto II, full name Umberto Nicola Tommaso Giovanni Maria di Savoia (15 September 1904  18 March 1983), was the last King of Italy. He reigned for 34 days,[1] from 9 May 1946 to 12 June 1946, although he had been de facto head of state since 1944 and was nicknamed the May King (Italian: Re di Maggio).

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Umberto II
Umberto, then the Prince of Piedmont, in 1944
King of Italy
Reign9 May 1946 – 12 June 1946
PredecessorVictor Emmanuel III
SuccessorMonarchy abolished
Enrico De Nicola as President
Prime MinisterAlcide De Gasperi
Born(1904-09-15)15 September 1904
Racconigi, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy
Died18 March 1983(1983-03-18) (aged 78)
Geneva, Switzerland
Hautecombe Abbey, France
IssuePrincess Maria Pia
Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples
Princess Maria Gabriella
Princess Maria Beatrice
Full name
Italian: Umberto Nicola Tommaso Giovanni Maria di Savoia
English: Humbert Nicholas Thomas John Maria of Savoy
FatherVictor Emmanuel III of Italy
MotherPrincess Elena of Montenegro
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureUmberto II of Italy signature

Umberto was the only son among the five children of King Victor Emmanuel III and Queen Elena. To repair the monarchy's image after the fall of Benito Mussolini's regime, Victor Emmanuel transferred his powers to Umberto in 1944 while retaining the title of king. As a referendum on the abolition of the monarchy was in preparation, Victor Emmanuel abdicated his throne in favour of Umberto in the hope that his exit might bolster the monarchy. However, the referendum passed, Italy was declared a republic, and Umberto lived out the rest of his life in exile in Cascais, on the Portuguese Riviera.

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