The United Kingdom of Great Britain, often shortened to the United Kingdom (or UK), or just Britain, is a sovereign country in Western Europe. It is a constitutional monarchy of four countries which were once separate: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
United Kingdom of Great Britain
|Anthem: "God Save the King"
and largest city
|Official language||British English (de facto)|
|Regional or minority languages|
|Ethnic groups |
|Legislature||Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|House of Lords|
|House of Commons|
• Laws in Wales Acts
|1535 and 1542|
|March 24, 1603|
|May 1, 1707|
|January 1, 1801|
• Irish Free State Constitution Act
|December 5, 1922|
|January 1, 1973|
|January 31, 2020|
|242,495 km2 (93,628 sq mi) (78th)|
• Water (%)
• 2023 estimate
• 2011 census
|270.7/km2 (701.1/sq mi) (50th)|
|HDI (2017)|| 0.922|
very high · 14th
|Currency||Pound sterling (GBP)|
|Time zone||UTC (Greenwich Mean Time, WET)|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+1 (British Summer Time, WEST)|
|Mains electricity||230 V–50 Hz|
|ISO 3166 code||GB|
The UK has many cities. London is the biggest city in the UK and is the nation's capital city. There are also other large cities in England such as Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds, Bristol and Newcastle upon Tyne. Scotland has the big cities of Edinburgh and Glasgow. Cardiff and Swansea are in Wales and Derry and Belfast are in Northern Ireland.
At its height in 1922, more than 458 million people lived in the British Empire, one-fifth of the Earth's population. Its area was 13,012,000 square miles: almost a quarter of the Earth's land area. The Empire was sometimes called 'the Empire on which the Sun never sets', meaning it is always daytime someplace in the Empire. Many countries left and became independent from the Empire in the 20th century, although Britain keeps links with most countries of its former empire and also still controls fourteen colonies.
|England||31,368km||130 279 km²|
|Scotland||18,000km||77 910 km²|
|N. Ireland||3171km||14,130 km²|
The largest country having the largest amount of perimeter and area is England since the P= 31,368 kilo meters and the A= 130,279 kilo meters squared.
The smallest country having the smallest amount of perimeter is Wales since the P= 1,685 kilo meters ans the A= 20,779 kilo meters squared.
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