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United Kingdom

country in north-west Europe / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The United Kingdom of Great Britain, often shortened to the United Kingdom (or UK), or just Britain, is a sovereign country in Western Europe. It is a constitutional monarchy of four countries which were once separate: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Quick facts: United Kingdom of Great Britain, Capitaland l...
United Kingdom of Great Britain
Anthem: "God Save the King"[note 3]
Location of the  United Kingdom  (dark green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)

Location of the United Kingdom,
crown dependencies and
British Overseas Territories (red)
  • United_Kingdom_%28%2Boverseas_territories_and_crown_dependencies%29_in_the_World_%28%2BAntarctica_claims%29.svg
and largest city
51°30′N 0°7′W
Official languageBritish English (de facto)
Regional or minority languages[note 4]
Ethnic groups
Constituent countries
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
Charles III
Rishi Sunak
LegislatureParliament of the United Kingdom
House of Lords
House of Commons
 Laws in Wales Acts
1535 and 1542
March 24, 1603
May 1, 1707
January 1, 1801
 Irish Free State Constitution Act
December 5, 1922
 EC accession­[note 6]
January 1, 1973
January 31, 2020
242,495 km2 (93,628 sq mi)[8] (78th)
 Water (%)
 2023 estimate
Neutral increase 67,545,757[9] (22nd)
 2011 census
63,182,178[10] (22nd)
270.7/km2 (701.1/sq mi) (50th)
HDI (2017)Increase 0.922[11]
very high · 14th
CurrencyPound sterling[note 7] (GBP)
Time zoneUTC (Greenwich Mean Time, WET[note 8])
 Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (British Summer Time, WEST)
Date formatdd/mm/yy
yyyy-mm-dd (AD)[12]
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft[note 9]
Calling code+44[note 10]
ISO 3166 codeGB
Internet[note 11]

It is part of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, NATO, the G7, and formerly the European Union. It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in 2019.

About 95 percent of the UK's population are English speakers.[13] 5.5 per cent of the population speak languages brought to the UK as a result of relatively recent immigration.[13]

The UK has many cities. London is the biggest city in the UK and is the nation's capital city. There are also other large cities in England such as Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds, Bristol and Newcastle upon Tyne. Scotland has the big cities of Edinburgh and Glasgow. Cardiff and Swansea are in Wales and Derry and Belfast are in Northern Ireland.

Between the 17th and mid 20th-centuries, Britain became a world power. It became a colonial empire that controlled large areas of Africa, Asia, North America and Oceania.[14]

At its height in 1922, more than 458 million people lived in the British Empire, one-fifth of the Earth's population. Its area was 13,012,000 square miles: almost a quarter of the Earth's land area. The Empire was sometimes called 'the Empire on which the Sun never sets', meaning it is always daytime someplace in the Empire. Many countries left and became independent from the Empire in the 20th century, although Britain keeps links with most countries of its former empire and also still controls fourteen colonies.

Table info: England, ...
Perimeter & Area of the UK Countries
England 31,368km 130 279 km²
Scotland 18,000km 77 910 km²
Wales 1685km 20,779 km²
N. Ireland 3171km 14,130 km²

The largest country having the largest amount of perimeter and area is England since the P= 31,368 kilo meters and the A= 130,279 kilo meters squared.

The smallest country having the smallest amount of perimeter is Wales since the P= 1,685 kilo meters ans the A= 20,779 kilo meters squared.

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