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丘沈

維基百科,自由的百科全書

丘沈(?-?),中國十六國初期西晉境內的民變領袖之一。

生平

本為山都(在今中國湖北省襄樊市附近一帶)縣吏,303年因西晉新野王司馬歆,為政嚴苛急切,大失所轄原住民之人心,適巧正逢朝廷欲徵民兵討益州(今四川省一帶)李流之變,民兵不願前往,遂聚而為盜,義陽蠻首領張昌抓住這個機會募為所用,並起兵反抗晉政府,丘沈遂在此時被張昌找出,改名劉尼,被假託為漢朝皇室後裔並擁立為帝,建年號神鳳[1][2]

丘沈雖稱帝,惟此一政權實際的軍政事務皆操於張昌之手,後來司馬歆在與張昌軍之戰事中陣亡,成為西晉末期民變紛起後,第一個死於變民的親王。同年,張昌所部為晉將陶侃所破,餘眾悉降。張昌於次年(304年)被擒斬。而丘沈則不知所終。

引用

  1. ^ 房玄齡. 連結至維基文庫 晉書張昌傳. 維基文庫. 「太安二年,昌於安陸縣石岩山屯聚,去郡八十里,諸流人及避戍役者多往從之。昌乃易姓名為李辰。太守弓欽遣軍就討,輒為所破。昌徒眾日多,遂來攻郡。欽出戰,大敗,乃將家南奔沔口。鎮南大將軍、新野王歆遣騎督靳滿討昌於隨郡西,大戰,滿敗走,昌得其器杖,據有江夏,即其府庫。造妖言云:「當有聖人出。」山都縣吏丘沈遇於江夏,昌名之為聖人,盛車服出迎之,立為天子,置百官。沈易姓名為劉尼,稱漢後,以昌為相國,昌兄味為車騎將軍,弟放廣武將軍,各領兵。於石岩中作宮殿,又於岩上織竹為鳥形,衣以五彩,聚肉於其傍,眾鳥群集,詐雲鳳皇降,又言珠袍、玉璽、鐵券、金鼓自然而至。乃下赦書,建元神鳳,郊祀、服色依漢故事。……是歲,詔以甯朔將軍、領南蠻校尉劉弘鎮宛,弘遣司馬陶侃、參軍蒯桓、皮初等率眾討昌於竟陵,劉喬又遣將軍李楊、督護尹奉總兵向江夏。侃等與昌苦戰累日,大破之,納降萬計,昌乃沈竄於下俊山。明年秋,乃擒之,傳首京師,同黨並夷三族。」
  2. ^ 司馬光. 連結至維基文庫 資治通鑑晉紀七. 維基文庫. 「〔大安二年五月〕昌遂據江夏,造妖言云:「當有聖人出為民主。」得山都縣吏丘沈,更其姓名曰劉尼,詐雲漢後,奉以為天子,曰:「此聖人也。」昌自為相國,詐作鳳皇、玉璽之瑞,建元神鳳;……〔八月〕劉弘遣陶侃等攻〔張〕昌於竟陵,劉喬遣其將李楊等向江夏。侃等屢與昌戰,大破之,前後斬首數萬級,昌逃於下儁山,其眾悉降。……〔永興元年秋季〕荊州兵擒斬張昌,同黨皆夷三族。」

資料來源

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丘沈
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