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钛酸

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钛酸
别名 氢氧化钛
识别
CAS号 20338-08-3  ✓
PubChem 88494
ChemSpider 15640680
SMILES
EINECS 243-744-3
MeSH titanium+hydroxide
性质
化学式 TiH
4
O
4
摩尔质量 115.90 g·mol⁻¹
外观 白色晶体
若非注明,所有数据均出自一般条件(25 ℃,100 kPa)下。

钛酸是一类由组成的化合物,通式为 [TiOx(OH)4−2x]n。 它们主要描述于较早的文献中,已经合成了各种简单的钛酸。这些材料都没有晶体学和只有很少的光谱学支持。一些较老的文献,包括 Brauer's Handbook ,把 TiO2 也视作一种钛酸。[1]

各种钛酸

  • 偏钛酸 (H
    2
    TiO
    3
    )[2]
  • 原钛酸 (H
    4
    TiO
    4
    )[3]被描述为白色盐状粉末,类似 TiO2·2.16H2O[4]
  • 过氧钛酸 (Ti(OH)
    3
    O
    2
    H
    ) 被描述为可以由二氧化钛硫酸过氧化氢反应生成的黄色固体。它会散发 O2并分解。[5]
  • 高钛酸 (TiO(H2O2)2+)[6]

参考资料

  1. ^ C. Remigius Fresenius. Qualitative Chemical Analysis. J. & A. Churchill. 1887: 115–116. 
  2. ^ F.P. Dunnington. On metatitanic acid and the estimation of titanium by hydrogen peroxide. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 1891, 13 (7): 210–211 [2021-01-12]. doi:10.1021/ja02124a032. (原始内容存档于2020-01-15). 
  3. ^ Leonard Dobbin, Hugh Marshall. Salts and their reactions: A class-book of practical chemistry. University of Edinburgh. 1904. 
  4. ^ Ehrlich, P. Titanium(IV) Oxide Hydrate TiO2·nH2O. Brauer, G. (编). Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry 1 2nd. New York: Academic Press. 1963: 1218. 
  5. ^ Ehrlich, P. Peroxotitanic Acid H4TiO5. Brauer, G. (编). Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry 1 2nd. New York: Academic Press. 1963: 1219. 
  6. ^ Fukamauchi, Hisao. Analysis using fluotitanic acid-hydrogen peroxide reagent: A review. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 1967, 229 (6): 413–433. S2CID 92389986. doi:10.1007/BF00505508. 

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钛酸
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