Albert, Prince Consort

Consort of Queen Victoria from 1840 to 1861 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Franz August Karl Albert Emanuel;[1] 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was consort of the British monarch as the husband of Queen Victoria from their marriage on 10 February 1840 till his death in 1861.

Quick facts: Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Consort of t...
Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Prince Consort
Photograph of Prince Albert aged 41
Photograph by J. J. E. Mayall, May 1860
Consort of the British monarch
Tenure10 February 1840 – 14 December 1861
BornPrince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
(1819-08-26)26 August 1819
Schloss Rosenau, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, German Confederation
Died14 December 1861(1861-12-14) (aged 42)
Windsor Castle, England
Burial23 December 1861
Royal Vault, St George's Chapel;
18 December 1862
Frogmore Mausoleum
(m. 1840)
Franz August Karl Albert Emanuel
FatherErnest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
MotherPrincess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
SignatureAlbert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha's signature

Albert was born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to a family connected to many of Europe's ruling monarchs. At the age of 20, he married his cousin Victoria; they had nine children. Initially, he felt constrained by his role as consort, which did not afford him power or responsibilities. He gradually developed a reputation for supporting public causes, such as educational reform and the abolition of slavery worldwide, and he was entrusted with running the Queen's household, office and estates. He was heavily involved with the organisation of the Great Exhibition of 1851, which was a resounding success.

Victoria came to depend more and more on Albert's support and guidance. He aided the development of Britain's constitutional monarchy by persuading his wife to be less partisan in her dealings with the British Parliament, but he actively disagreed with the interventionist foreign policy pursued during Lord Palmerston's tenure as Foreign Secretary. Albert died in 1861 at age 42, devastating Victoria so much that she entered into a deep state of mourning and wore black for the rest of her life. On her death in 1901, their eldest son succeeded as Edward VII, the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, named after the ducal house to which Albert belonged.