Species of nut / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Almond?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


The almond (Prunus amygdalus, syn. Prunus dulcis) is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries,[4] including the Levant.[5] The almond is also the name of the edible and widely cultivated seed of this tree. Within the genus Prunus, it is classified with the peach in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by corrugations on the shell (endocarp) surrounding the seed.[6]

Quick facts: Almond, Scientific classification , Binomial ...
Botanical illustration
1897 illustration[1]
Branch of tree with green fruits.
Almond tree with ripening nuts.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus subg. Amygdalus
P. amygdalus
Binomial name
Prunus amygdalus
Batsch, 1801
Replaced syn.
    • Amygdalus communis L., 1753
    • Amygdalus amygdalus (Batsch) Frye & Rigg, 1912
    • Druparia amygdalus (Batsch) Clairv., 1811
    • Prunus communis (L.) Arcang., 1882 nom. illeg.
    • Amygdalus amara Duhamel, 1768
    • Amygdalus amygdalina Oken ex M.Roem., 1847
    • Amygdalus cochinchinensis Lour., 1790
    • Amygdalus communis var. fragilis Ser., 1825
    • Amygdalus communis var. macrocarpa Ser., 1825
    • Amygdalus decipiens Poit. & Turpin, 1830
    • Amygdalus dulcis Mill., 1768
    • Amygdalus elata Salisb., 1796
    • Amygdalus korshinskyi var. bornmuelleri Browicz, 1974
    • Amygdalus sativa Mill., 1768
    • Amygdalus sinensis Steud., 1840
    • Amygdalus stocksiana Boiss., 1856
    • Persica Mill., 1754
    • Prunus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Koehne, 1915
    • Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A.Webb, 1967 nom. superfl.
    • Prunus dulcis var. amara (Duhamel) Buchheim, 1972
    • Prunus dulcis var. fragilis (Ser.) Buchheim, 1972
    • Prunus dulcis var. spontanea (Korsh.) Buchheim, 1972
    • Prunus intermedia A.Sav., 1882
    • Prunus stocksiana (Boiss.) Brandis, 1906
    • Trichocarpus Neck., 1790

The fruit of the almond is a drupe, consisting of an outer hull and a hard shell with the seed, which is not a true nut. Shelling almonds refers to removing the shell to reveal the seed. Almonds are sold shelled or unshelled. Blanched almonds are shelled almonds that have been treated with hot water to soften the seedcoat, which is then removed to reveal the white embryo. Once almonds are cleaned and processed, they can be stored over time. Almonds are used in many food cuisines, often featuring prominently in desserts, such as marzipan.

The almond tree prospers in a moderate Mediterranean climate with cool winter weather. California produces over half of the world's almond supply. Due to high acreage and water demand for almond cultivation, and need for pesticides, California almond production may be unsustainable, especially during the persistent drought and heat from climate change in the 21st century.[7] Droughts in California have caused some producers to leave the industry, leading to lower supply and increased prices.[7]