Type of vegetable that is a species of thistle cultivated for culinary use / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus /ˈsɪnərə kɑːrˈdʌnkjʊləs ˈskɒlɪməs/[1][2][3]),[4] also known by the names French artichoke and green artichoke in the U.S.,[5] is a variety of a species of thistle cultivated as food.

Quick facts: Artichoke, Scientific classification , Trinom...
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Cynara
C. c. var. scolymus
Trinomial name
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus

The edible portion of the plant consists of the flower buds before the flowers come into bloom. The budding artichoke flower-head is a cluster of many budding small flowers (an inflorescence), together with many bracts, on an edible base. Once the buds bloom, the structure changes to a coarse, barely edible form. Another variety of the same species is the cardoon, a perennial plant native to the Mediterranean region. Both wild forms and cultivated varieties (cultivars) exist.