Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short, summarize this topic like I'm... Ten years old or a College student
Balliol College (//) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. One of Oxford's oldest colleges, it was founded around 1263 by John I de Balliol, a landowner from Barnard Castle in County Durham, who provided the foundation and endowment for the college. When de Balliol died in 1268, his widow, Dervorguilla, a woman whose wealth far exceeded that of her husband, continued his work in setting up the college, providing a further endowment and writing the statutes. She is considered a co-founder of the college.
|Location||Broad Street, Oxford, OX1 3BJ|
|Full name||Balliol College|
|Latin name||Collegium Balliolensis|
|Named for||John I de Balliol|
|Sister college||St John's College, Cambridge|
|Master||Dame Helen Ghosh|
|Endowment||£119.1 million (2018)|
|Boat club||Balliol College Boat Club|
The college's alumni include four former Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom (H. H. Asquith, Harold Macmillan, Edward Heath, and Boris Johnson), Harald V of Norway, Empress Masako of Japan, five Nobel laureates, several Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, and numerous literary and philosophical figures, including Shoghi Effendi, Adam Smith, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Aldous Huxley. John Wycliffe, who translated the Bible into English, was master of the college in the 1360s.