University of Oxford

Collegiate university in Oxford, England / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096,[2] making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation.[2][12][13] It grew rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris.[2] After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge.[14] The two English ancient universities share many common features and are jointly referred to as Oxbridge.[15]

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University of Oxford
Latin: Universitas Oxoniensis
Other name
The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford[1]
MottoLatin: Dominus illuminatio mea
Motto in English
The Lord is my light
TypePublic research university
Establishedc.1096; 928 years ago (1096)[2]
Endowment£8.12 billion (2022; including colleges)[5]
Budget£2.924 billion (2022/23)[6]
ChancellorThe Lord Patten of Barnes
Vice-ChancellorIrene Tracey[7]
Academic staff
6,945 (2022)[8]
Students26,945 (2023)[9][10]
Other students

51°45′18″N 01°15′18″W
CampusUniversity town
Colours  Oxford Blue[11]
Affiliations Edit this at Wikidata

The University of Oxford is made up of thirty-nine semi-autonomous constituent colleges, four permanent private halls, and a range of academic departments which are organised into four divisions.[16] Each college is a self-governing institution within the university, controlling its own membership and having its own internal structure and activities. All students are members of a college.[17] Traditionally, each of Oxford's constituent colleges is associated with another of the colleges in the University of Cambridge, with the only exceptional addition of Trinity College, Dublin.[18][19] It does not have a main campus, and its buildings and facilities are scattered throughout the city centre. Undergraduate teaching at Oxford consists of lectures, small-group tutorials at the colleges and halls, seminars, laboratory work and occasionally further tutorials provided by the central university faculties and departments. Postgraduate teaching is provided in a predominantly centralised fashion.

Oxford operates the Ashmolean Museum, the world's oldest university museum; Oxford University Press, the largest university press in the world; and the largest academic library system nationwide.[20] In the fiscal year ending 31 July 2023, the university had a total consolidated income of £2.92 billion, of which £789 million was from research grants and contracts.[6]

Oxford has educated a wide range of notable alumni, including 30 prime ministers of the United Kingdom and many heads of state and government around the world.[21] As of October 2022, 73 Nobel Prize laureates, 4 Fields Medalists, and 6 Turing Award winners have matriculated, worked, or held visiting fellowships at the University of Oxford, while its alumni have won 160 Olympic medals.[22] Oxford is the home of numerous scholarships, including the Rhodes Scholarship, one of the oldest international graduate scholarship programmes.

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