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Island nation in the Caribbean / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Barbados (UK: /bɑːˈbdɒs/ bar-BAY-doss; US: /bɑːrˈbds/ bar-BAY-dohss; locally /bəˈbdəs/ buh-BAY-dəss) is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America, and is the most easterly of the Caribbean Islands. It lies on the boundary of the South American and the Caribbean Plates. Its capital and largest city is Bridgetown.

Quick facts: Barbados, Capitaland largest city, Official&n...
Motto: "Pride and Industry"
Anthem: "In Plenty and In Time of Need"
Location of Barbados
and largest city
13°05′52″N 59°37′06″W
Official languagesEnglish
Vernacular languageBajan
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Sandra Mason
Mia Mottley
House of Assembly
 Part of the West Indies Federation
3 January 1958 – 31 May 1962
30 November 1966
7 December 1966
 Joined CARICOM at the Treaty of Chaguaramas
1 August 1973
30 November 2021
439 km2 (169 sq mi) (183rd)
 Water (%)
 2022 estimate
267,800[2] (174th)
 2010 census
660/km2 (1,709.4/sq mi) (17th)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
Increase $5.436 billion[4] (175th)
 Per capita
Increase $18,738[4] (90th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
Increase $6.220 billion[4] (165th)
 Per capita
Increase $21,442[4] (50th)
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.790[5]
high · 70th
CurrencyBarbadian dollar ($) (BBD)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Driving sideleft[6]
Calling code+1 -246
ISO 3166 codeBB

Inhabited by Kalinago people since the 13th century, and prior to that by other Amerindians, Spanish navigators took possession of Barbados in the late 15th century, claiming it for the Crown of Castile. It first appeared on a Spanish map in 1511.[7] The Portuguese Empire claimed the island between 1532 and 1536, but abandoned it in 1620 with their only remnants being an introduction of wild boars for a good supply of meat whenever the island was visited. An English ship, the Olive Blossom, arrived in Barbados on 14 May 1625; its men took possession of the island in the name of King James I. In 1627, the first permanent settlers arrived from England, and Barbados became an English and later British colony.[8] During this period, the colony operated on a plantation economy, relying on the labour of African slaves who worked on the island's plantations. Slavery continued until it was phased out through most of the British Empire by the Slavery Abolition Act 1833.

On 30 November 1966, Barbados gained independence and became a Commonwealth realm with Elizabeth II as Queen of Barbados. On 30 November 2021, Barbados transitioned to a republic within the Commonwealth.[9][10]

Barbados's population is predominantly of African ancestry. While it is technically an Atlantic island, Barbados is closely associated with the Caribbean and is ranked as one of its leading tourist destinations.[11]

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