Buddha of healing and medicine in Mahāyāna Buddhism / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Bhaiṣajyaguru (Sanskrit: भैषज्यगुरु, Chinese: 藥師佛, Japanese: 薬師仏, Korean: 약사불, Vietnamese: Dược Sư Phật, Standard Tibetan: སངས་རྒྱས་སྨན་བླ), or Bhaishajyaguru, formally Bhaiṣajya-guru-vaiḍūrya-prabhā-rāja ("Medicine Master and King of Lapis Lazuli Light"; Chinese: 藥師琉璃光(王)如來, Japanese: 薬師瑠璃光如来, Korean: 약사유리광여래, Vietnamese: Dược Sư Lưu Ly Quang Vương Như Lai), is the Buddha of healing and medicine in Mahāyāna Buddhism. Commonly referred to as the "Medicine Buddha", he is described as a doctor who cures suffering (Pali/Sanskrit: dukkha/duḥkha) using the medicine of his teachings.
(Pinyin: Yàoshī Rúlái)
(romaji: Yakushi Nyorai)
(romaji: Yakushirurikō Nyorai)
(RR: Yagsa Yeorae)
(RR: Yagsayurigwang Yeorae)
|Mongolian script||Оточ Манла|
Phra Phaisatchaya Khuru Waidun Prapha Tathakhot
Wylie: sangs rgyas sman bla
THL: Sangyé Menla
|Vietnamese||Dược Sư Phật|
Dược Sư Lưu Ly Quang Vương Phật
Dược Sư Lưu Ly Quang Vương Như Lai
Đại Y Vương Phật
Tiêu Tai Diên Thọ Dược Sư Phật
|Venerated by||Mahayana, Vajrayana|
Bhaiṣajyaguru's original name and title was rāja (King), but Xuanzang translated it as Tathāgata (Buddha). Subsequent translations and commentaries followed Xuanzang in describing him as a Buddha. The image of Bhaiṣajyaguru is usually expressed with a canonical Buddha-like form holding a gallipot and, in some versions, possessing blue skin. Though also considered to be a guardian of the East, in most cases Akshobhya is given that role. As an exceptional case, the honzon of Mount Kōya's Kongōbu Temple was changed from Akshobhya to Bhaiṣajyaguru.