Any person who is on the path towards Buddhahood but has not yet attained it / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In Buddhism, a bodhisattva (/ˌbdˈsʌtvə/ BOH-dee-SUT-və; (Sanskrit: बोधिसत्त्व, romanized: Bodhisattva) or bodhisatva is a person who is on the path towards bodhi ('awakening') or Buddhahood.[1]

Quick facts: Bodhisattva, Sanskrit, Pāli, Burmese, Chinese...
A relief depicting Avalokiteśvara Bodhisattva in Plaosan temple, 9th century Central Java, Indonesia.
Sanskritबोधिसत्त्व (bodhisattva)
Burmeseဗောဓိသတ် (bɔ́dḭθaʔ)
Chinese菩薩/菩提薩埵, (pinyin: púsà/pútísàduǒ), (Jyutping: pou4 saat3/pou4 tai4 saat3 do3), (Wade–Giles: p'u2-sa4)
Japanese菩薩 (romaji: bosatsu)
Khmerពោធិសត្វ (UNGEGN: poŭthĭsâtv)
Korean보살, 菩薩 (RR: bosal)
Sinhalaබෝධි සත්ත්ව (bodhisatva)
Thaiโพธิสัตว์ (phothisat)
Tibetanབྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ་ (jang chup sem pa)
VietnameseBồ Tát/Bồ Xát
Venerated byTheravāda, Mahāyāna, Vajrayāna, Navayāna
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In the Early Buddhist schools, as well as modern Theravāda Buddhism, bodhisattva (Pāli: bodhisatta) refers to someone who has made a resolution to become a Buddha and has also received a confirmation or prediction from a living Buddha that this will be so.[2]

In Mahāyāna Buddhism, a bodhisattva refers to anyone who has generated bodhicitta, a spontaneous wish and compassionate mind to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings.[3] Mahayana bodhisattvas are spiritually heroic persons that work to attain awakening and are driven by a great compassion (mahākaruṇā). These beings are exemplified by important spiritual qualities such as the "four divine abodes" (brahmavihāras) of loving-kindness (maitrī), compassion (karuṇā), empathetic joy (muditā) and equanimity (upekṣā), as well as the various bodhisattva "perfections" (pāramitās) which include prajñāpāramitā ("transcendent knowledge" or "perfection of wisdom") and skillful means (upāya).[4][5][6]

In Theravāda Buddhism, the bodhisattva is mainly seen as an exceptional and rare individual. Only a few select individuals are ultimately able to become bodhisattvas, such as Maitreya. Mahāyāna Buddhism generally understands the bodhisattva path as being open to everyone, and Mahāyāna Buddhists encourage all individuals to become bodhisattvas.[7][8] Spiritually advanced bodhisattvas such as Avalokiteshvara, Maitreya, and Manjushri are also widely venerated across the Mahāyāna Buddhist world and are believed to possess great magical power which they employ to help all living beings.[9]