Bohdan Khmelnytsky

Hetman of Zaporozhian Cossacks / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Bohdan Zynoviy Mykhailovych Khmelnytsky (Ruthenian: Ѕѣнові Богданъ Хмелнiцкiи;[1] modern Ukrainian: Богдан Зиновій Михайлович Хмельницький, Polish: Bohdan Chmielnicki; 1595  6 August 1657) was a Ruthenian nobleman and military commander of Ukrainian Cossacks[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] as Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host, which was then under the suzerainty of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He led an uprising against the Commonwealth and its magnates (1648–1654) that resulted in the creation of an independent Cossack state in Ukraine. In 1654, he concluded the Treaty of Pereiaslav with the Russian Tsar and allied the Cossack Hetmanate with Tsardom of Russia, thus placing central Ukraine under Russian protection.[9] During the uprising the Cossacks led a massacre of thousands of Jewish people during 1648–1649 as one of the most traumatic events in the history of the Jews in Ukraine and Ukrainian nationalism.[10]

Quick facts: Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Hetman of Zaporizhian Hos...
Bohdan Khmelnytsky
Богдан Хмельницький
Bohdan Chmielnicki
Богданъ Хмелнiцкiи
Bohdan_Khmelnytsky_%28Portrait%2C_sec._half_17th_century%2C_Chernihiv_Historical_Museum%29_%28cropped%29.jpg
Second half 17th century portrait of Bohdan Khmelnytskyi from Chernihiv
Hetman of Zaporizhian Host
In office
30 January 1648  6 August 1657
Preceded byposition created
Succeeded byYurii Khmelnytsky
Personal details
Born
Bohdan Zynovii Mykhailovych Khmelnytskyi

1595
Subotiv, Kiev Voivodeship, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Died6 August 1657 (aged 6162)
Chyhyryn, Cossack Hetmanate
Resting placeIllinska Church in Subotiv
NationalityRuthenian
Spouses
ChildrenTymish, Yurii, Hryhorii, Ostap, Kateryna [uk], Stepanyda, Olena [uk], Maria
SignatureXm_avt2.jpg
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