Ukrainian language

East Slavic language / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Ukrainian language?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Ukrainian (українська мова, ukrainska mova, IPA: [ʊkrɐˈjinʲsʲkɐ ˈmɔʋɐ]) is an East Slavic language of the Indo-European language family, spoken primarily in Ukraine. It is the native language of Ukrainians.

Quick facts: Ukrainian, Pronunciation, Native to, Reg...
українська мова
Pronunciation[ʊkrɐˈjinʲsʲkɐ ˈmɔʋɐ]
Native toUkraine
RegionEastern Europe
Native speakers
27 million (2016)[1]
L2: 5.8 million (2016)
Early forms
Cyrillic (Ukrainian alphabet)
Ukrainian Braille
Official status
Official language in
Republic of Crimea[note 1]
Transnistria[note 2]
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byNational Academy of Sciences of Ukraine: Institute for the Ukrainian Language, Ukrainian language-information fund, Potebnya Institute of Language Studies
Language codes
ISO 639-1uk
ISO 639-2ukr
ISO 639-3ukr
Glottologukra1253  Ukrainian
Linguasphere53-AAA-ed < 53-AAA-e
(varieties: 53-AAA-eda to 53-AAA-edq)
The Ukrainian-speaking world:
  regions where Ukrainian is the language of the majority
  regions where Ukrainian is the language of a significant minority
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Written Ukrainian uses the Ukrainian alphabet, a variant of the Cyrillic script. The standard Ukrainian language is regulated by the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NANU; particularly by its Institute for the Ukrainian Language), the Ukrainian language-information fund,[citation needed] and Potebnia Institute of Linguistics. Comparisons are often drawn to Russian, another East Slavic language, but there is more mutual intelligibility with Belarusian.[8][9] Additionally, spoken Ukrainian has partial intelligibility with Polish.[10]

Ukrainian is a descendant of Old East Slavic, a language spoken in the medieval state of Kievan Rus'. In the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the language developed into Ruthenian, where it became an official language,[11] before a process of Polonization began in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. By the 18th century, Ruthenian diverged into regional variants and the modern Ukrainian language developed in the territory of present-day Ukraine.[12][13][14] Russification saw the Ukrainian language banned as a subject from schools and as a language of instruction in the Russian Empire, and continued in various ways in the Soviet Union.[15] However, the language continued to see use throughout the country, and remained particularly strong in Western Ukraine.[16][17]