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Buddhism in Japan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Buddhism in Japan (日本の仏教, Nihon no Bukkyō) was first established in the 6th century CE, derived from Chinese Buddhism.[3][4][5] Most of the Japanese Buddhists belong to new schools of Buddhism which were established in the Kamakura period (1185-1333).[6] During the Edo (Tokugawa)-period (1603–1868), Buddhism was controlled by the feudal Shogunate. The Meiji-period (1868–1931) saw a strong response against Buddhism, with persecution and a forced separation between Buddhism and Shinto.

Quick facts: Total population, Regions with significant po...
Buddhism in Japan
Total population
Estimates vary, from c.84 million or 67% (Government est., 2018)[1] to under 20% (JGSS Research Center, 2017).[2]
Regions with significant populations
Throughout Japan
Dharma_Wheel.svg Buddhism (mostly East Asian Buddhism)
Japanese and other languages

The largest sects of Japanese Buddhism are the Jōdo Buddhists with 22 million believers, followed by the Nichiren Buddhists with 11 million believers.[6] Japanese Zen has had a distinctive influence on western spirituality since the 1950s.

Japan has the third largest Buddhist population in the world, after China and Thailand.[7] Estimates vary from 47 to 84 million adherents, many of them also practicing elements of Shinto.[1][6]

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