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Buddhism in Japan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Buddhism in Japan (日本の仏教, Nihon no Bukkyō) was first established in the 6th century CE, derived from Chinese Buddhism.[3][4][5] Most of the Japanese Buddhists belong to new schools of Buddhism which were established in the Kamakura period (1185-1333).[6] During the Edo (Tokugawa)-period (1603–1868), Buddhism was controlled by the feudal Shogunate. The Meiji-period (1868–1931) saw a strong response against Buddhism, with persecution and a forced separation between Buddhism and Shinto.

Quick facts: Total population, Regions with significant po...
Buddhism in Japan
日本の仏教
Le_Grand_Bouddha_du_Kotoku-in_%28Kamakura%2C_Japon%29_%2842096289494%29.jpg
Total population
Estimates vary, from c.84 million or 67% (Government est., 2018)[1] to under 20% (JGSS Research Center, 2017).[2]
Regions with significant populations
Throughout Japan
Religions
Dharma_Wheel.svg Buddhism (mostly East Asian Buddhism)
Languages
Japanese and other languages
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The largest sects of Japanese Buddhism are the Jōdo Buddhists with 22 million believers, followed by the Nichiren Buddhists with 11 million believers.[6] Japanese Zen has had a distinctive influence on western spirituality since the 1950s.

Japan has the third largest Buddhist population in the world, after China and Thailand.[7] Estimates vary from 47 to 84 million adherents, many of them also practicing elements of Shinto.[1][6]

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