Multilateral treaty dedicated to flora and fauna / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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CITES (shorter name for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention) is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals from the threats of international trade. It was drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The convention was opened for signature in 1973 and CITES entered into force on 1 July 1975.
|Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora|
|Signed||3 March 1973|
|Effective||1 July 1975|
|Depositary||Government of the Swiss Confederation|
|Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora at Wikisource|
Its aim is to ensure that international trade (import/export) in specimens of animals and plants included under CITES, does not threaten the survival of the species in the wild. This is achieved via a system of permits and certificates. CITES affords varying degrees of protection to more than 38,000 species.
As of April 2022[update], Secretary-General of CITES is Ivonne Higuero.