cover image

Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound. It is a white, caustic, alkaline, crystalline solid at room temperature. The broadly used term "lime" connotes calcium-containing inorganic materials, in which carbonates, oxides and hydroxides of calcium, silicon, magnesium, aluminium, and iron predominate. By contrast, quicklime specifically applies to the single chemical compound calcium oxide. Calcium oxide that survives processing without reacting in building products such as cement is called free lime.[5]

Quick facts: Names, Identifiers, Properties, Structure, Th...
Calcium oxide
Names
IUPAC name
Calcium oxide
Other names
Quicklime, burnt lime, unslaked lime, pebble lime, calcia
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.013.763
EC Number
  • 215-138-9
E number E529 (acidity regulators, ...)
485425
KEGG
RTECS number
  • EW3100000
UNII
UN number 1910
  • InChI=1S/Ca.O
    Key: ODINCKMPIJJUCX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • InChI=1/Ca.O/rCaO/c1-2
    Key: ODINCKMPIJJUCX-BFMVISLHAU
  • O=[Ca]
Properties
CaO
Molar mass 56.0774 g/mol
Appearance White to pale yellow/brown powder
Odor Odorless
Density 3.34 g/cm3[1]
Melting point 2,613 °C (4,735 °F; 2,886 K)[1]
Boiling point 2,850 °C (5,160 °F; 3,120 K) (100 hPa)[2]
Reacts to form calcium hydroxide
Solubility in Methanol Insoluble (also in diethyl ether, octanol)
Acidity (pKa) 12.8
−15.0×10−6 cm3/mol
Structure
Cubic, cF8
Thermochemistry
40 J·mol−1·K−1[3]
−635 kJ·mol−1[3]
Pharmacology
QP53AX18 (WHO)
Hazards
GHS labelling:
Danger
H302, H314, H315, H335
P260, P261, P264, P270, P271, P280, P301+P312, P301+P330+P331, P302+P352, P303+P361+P353, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P310, P312, P321, P330, P332+P313, P362, P363, P403+P233, P405, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
3
0
2
Flash point Non-flammable[4]
NIOSH (US health exposure limits):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 5 mg/m3[4]
REL (Recommended)
TWA 2 mg/m3[4]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
25 mg/m3[4]
Safety data sheet (SDS) Hazard.com
Related compounds
Other anions
Calcium sulfide
Calcium hydroxide
Calcium selenide
Calcium telluride
Other cations
Beryllium oxide
Magnesium oxide
Strontium oxide
Barium oxide
Radium oxide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Close

Quicklime is relatively inexpensive. Both it and a chemical derivative (calcium hydroxide, of which quicklime is the base anhydride) are important commodity chemicals.

Oops something went wrong: