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The California State Legislature is a bicameral state legislature consisting of a lower house, the California State Assembly, with 80 members; and an upper house, the California State Senate, with 40 members.[1] Both houses of the Legislature convene at the California State Capitol in Sacramento. The California state legislature is one of just ten full-time state legislatures in the United States.[2] The houses are distinguished by the colors of the carpet and trim of each house. The Senate is distinguished by red and the Assembly by the color green.[3]

Quick facts: California State Legislature, Type, Type, Hou...
California State Legislature
2021–22 session
Eleni Gavin Newsom (D)
since January 7, 2019
Toni Atkins (D)
since March 21, 2018
Senate Minority Leader
Scott Wilk (R)
since January 20, 2021
Anthony Rendon (D)
since March 7, 2016
Assembly Minority Leader
James Gallagher (R)
since February 8, 2022
40 senators
80 assembly
Senate political groups
  •   Democratic (31)
  •   Republican (9)
Assembly political groups
Senate last election
November 8, 2022
(20 seats)
Assembly last election
November 8, 2022
Meeting place
California State Capitol
Sacramento, California

California State Assembly chamber
California State Senate chamber
A few volumes of the journals of each house (Senate is red; Assembly [lower chamber] is green).

The Democratic Party currently holds veto-proof supermajorities in both houses of the California State Legislature.[4] The Assembly consists of 60 Democrats and 19 Republicans, with one independent, while the Senate is composed of 31 Democrats and 9 Republicans. Except for a brief period from 1995 to 1996, the Assembly has been in Democratic hands since the 1970 election. The Senate has been under continuous Democratic control since 1970.

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