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Village at Lake Tiberias in the north of historical Judea, associated with Jesus / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Capernaum (/kəˈpɜːrnəm, -niəm/ kə-PUR-nay-əm, -nee-əm;[1] Hebrew: כְּפַר נַחוּם, romanized: Kfar Naḥum, lit.'Nahum's village'; Arabic: كفر ناحوم, romanized: Kafr Nāḥūm) was a fishing village established during the time of the Hasmoneans, located on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee.[2] It had a population of about 1,500 in the 1st century AD.[3] Archaeological excavations have revealed two ancient synagogues built one over the other.[4] A house turned into a church by the Byzantines is believed to have been the home of Saint Peter.[4]

Capernaum's 4th-century synagogue (detail with columns and benches)

Quick facts: Location, Region, Coordinates, Type, History...
כְּפַר נַחוּם
Capernaum synagogue
Capernaum is located in Israel
Shown within Israel
LocationFlag_of_Israel.svg Israel
RegionSea of Galilee
Coordinates32°52′52″N 35°34′30″E
CulturesHasmonean, Roman
Site notes

The village was inhabited continuously from the second century BC to the 11th century AD, when it was abandoned sometime before the First Crusade.[5] This includes the re-establishment of the village during the Early Islamic period soon after the 749 earthquake.[5]

The village[dubious ] subsequently became known as al-Samakiyya; it was depopulated of its Arab Palestinian population during the 1947–1948 civil war in Mandatory Palestine on May 4, 1948, under Operation Matateh.[dubious ]