Spanish autonomous city in North Africa / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Ceuta (UK: /ˈsjuːtə/, US: /ˈseɪuːtə/, Spanish: [ˈsewta]; Arabic: سَبْتَة, romanized: Sabtah) is a Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa.
"Siempre Noble, Leal y Fidelísima Ciudad de Ceuta"
"Always Noble, Loyal and the Most Faithful City of Ceuta"
|Anthem: Ceuta, mi ciudad querida [es]|
"Ceuta, my beloved city"
|Coordinates: 35°53′18″N 5°18′56″W|
|First settled||1st millennium BC|
|End of Muslim rule||14 August 1415|
|Ceded to Spain/Iberian Union||4 August 1578|
|Autonomy status||14 March 1995|
|• Type||Autonomous city|
|• Body||Council of Government|
|• Mayor-President||Juan Jesús Vivas (PP)|
|• Total||18.5 km2 (7.1 sq mi)|
|• Land||18.5 km2 (7.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|Highest elevation||349 m (1,145 ft)|
|• Density||4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
caballa ("Atlantic mackerel", colloquial)
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code|
|Parliament||Assembly of Ceuta|
|Congress||1 deputy (out of 350)|
|Senate||2 senators (out of 264)|
|Click on the map for a fullscreen view.|
Bordered by Morocco, it lies along the boundary between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of several Spanish territories in Africa and, along with Melilla and the Canary Islands, one of only a few that are permanently inhabited by a civilian population. It was a regular municipality belonging to the province of Cádiz prior to the passing of its Statute of Autonomy in March 1995, henceforth becoming an autonomous city.
Ceuta, like Melilla and the Canary Islands, was classified as a free port before Spain joined the European Union. Its population consists mainly of Christians and Muslims. There is also a small minority of Sephardic Jews and Sindhi Hindus, the latter of whom originate from current-day Pakistan.
Spanish is the only official language, but Darija Arabic is prominent as well.